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Real estate prices in Japan and Lewis turning point

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  • Tabata, Katsushi
  • Kawaguchi, Yuichiro
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    Abstract

    This paper has done a model analysis from a long-term perspective about Real estate prices in Japan. In particular, we consider a Lewis turning point with the rise of land prices over time. It is analyzed by state space methods. Using the model, we examined how the real estate transactions were affected by the population growth and the technological progress. Furthermore, we have compared two types of models which consider banking sector and no banking transactions. In particular, population decline in Japan would have a significant impact to the long term recession since 1990. We are skeptical about the population declining effect using our model. A Summary of our model estimation is as follows. (1) The Lewis turning point with both technological progress and population growth is confirmed. Japan has passed the Lewis turning point in the second half of '70. (2) Since then, banks played an important role in the formation of real estate prices. (3) A trend that has lowered the price of real estate with declining population cannot be confirmed clearly. (4) In the bubble period, real estate price exceeds the reality of the macro economy due to the bank loan behavior. The Japanese experience of the rise in land prices is very interesting in considering the future of the Asian countries. Asian countries have made remarkable economic development. However, these benefits of growth would be absorbed by the increase in asset prices and real estate investment. This is very similar to the past experience of Japan.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 49090.

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    Date of creation: 10 Aug 2013
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    Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:49090

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    Keywords: Real Estate; Financial Accelerator; Population; Lewis Turning Point;

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    1. Frank Smets & Raf Wouters, 2002. "An estimated dynamic stochastic general equilibrium model of the euro area," Working Paper Research 35, National Bank of Belgium.
    2. Gary D. Hansen & Edward C. Prescott, 1999. "Malthus to Solow," Staff Report 257, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis.
    3. Romer, Paul M, 1986. "Increasing Returns and Long-run Growth," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 94(5), pages 1002-37, October.
    4. Betts, Caroline & Devereux, Michael B., 2000. "Exchange rate dynamics in a model of pricing-to-market," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 50(1), pages 215-244, February.
    5. Robert KOLLMANN, 2011. "Global Banking and International Business Cycles," 2011 Meeting Papers 20, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    6. In't Veld, Jan & Raciborski, Rafal & Ratto, Marco & Roeger, Werner, 2011. "The recent boom-bust cycle: The relative contribution of capital flows, credit supply and asset bubbles," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 55(3), pages 386-406, April.
    7. David N. Weil & Oded Galor, 2000. "Population, Technology, and Growth: From Malthusian Stagnation to the Demographic Transition and Beyond," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 90(4), pages 806-828, September.
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