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Femmes au pouvoir et Pouvoir des femmes : Qu’est-ce qui se passe en Afrique ?
[Women in power and power of women: What is happening in Africa?]

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  • Kodila-Tedika, Oasis

Abstract

This study attempts to understand whether women develop a political decision-making leads to better results on the indicators of the condition of women, mainly economic, political rights and laws against violence to women. It uses the African data from 2000 to 2010. The study is cross-sectional data, but also relies on a case study: that of the Liberian Republic. Our cross-sectional estimates suggest interesting results: the representation of women in parliament is an important determinant for the improvement of economic and political rights of African women. This effect is not as significant, though. The impact of women's representation in parliament disappears for legislation against violence to women. We can say the same for the Liberian Republic, where the country was headed for years now by a woman, in the best case. This conclusion for Liberia was made possible after combining several statistical techniques. In addition, we also found that cultural variables (religion and ethnic fragmentation) can be crucial also to some degree. Cette étude essaye de comprendre si doter les femmes d’un pouvoir de décision politique conduit aux meilleurs résultats sur les indicateurs de la condition de la femme, principalement les droits économiques, les droit politiques et les législations contre les violences faites à la femme. Elle recourt aux données africaines allant de 2000 à 2010. L’étude est en coupe instantanée, mais aussi s’appuie sur une étude d’un cas : celui de la République libérienne. Nos estimations en coupe transversale suggèrent des résultats intéressants : la représentation féminine au parlement est un déterminant important pour l’amélioration des droits économiques et politiques des femmes africaines. Cet effet n’est pas aussi considérable, cependant. L’impact de la représentation féminine au parlement disparait pour la législation contre les violences faites à la femme. On peut dire la même chose pour la République libérienne où le pays a été dirigé depuis déjà des années par une femme, dans le meilleur des cas. Cette conclusion pour le Libéria a été rendue possible après combinaison des plusieurs techniques statistiques. Par ailleurs, nous avons également trouvé que les variables culturelles (religion et fragmentation ethnique) peuvent être déterminantes aussi,à certain degré.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 48776.

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Date of creation: 01 Aug 2013
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Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:48776

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Keywords: genre; femmes politiques; institutions; Afrique;

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  1. Tiago V. De V. Cavalcanti & José Tavares, 2011. "Women Prefer Larger Governments: Growth, Structural Transformation, And Government Size," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 49(1), pages 155-171, 01.
  2. Doepke, Matthias & Tertilt, Michèle & Voena, Alessandra, 2011. "The Economics and Politics of Women’s Rights," Working Papers 11-3, University of Mannheim, Department of Economics.
  3. Sevi Simavi & Clare Manuel & Mark Blackden, 2010. "Gender Dimensions of Investment Climate Reform : A Guide for Policy Makers and Practitioners," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 2408, October.
  4. Irma Clots-Figueras, 2012. "Are Female Leaders Good for Education? Evidence from India," American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, American Economic Association, vol. 4(1), pages 212-44, January.
  5. Phipps, Shelley A & Burton, Peter S, 1998. "What's Mine Is Yours? The Influence of Male and Female Incomes on Patterns of Household Expenditure," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 65(260), pages 599-613, November.
  6. Thomas, D., 1995. "Like Father, Like Son, Like Mother, Like Daughter, Parental Resources and Child Height," Papers 95-01, RAND - Reprint Series.
  7. Hoddinott, John & Haddad, Lawrence, 1995. "Does Female Income Share Influence Household Expenditures? Evidence from Cote d'Ivoire," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 57(1), pages 77-96, February.
  8. Lori Beaman & Raghabendra Chattopadhyay & Esther Duflo & Rohini Pande & Petia Topalova, 2009. "Powerful Women: Does Exposure Reduce Bias?," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 124(4), pages 1497-1540, November.
  9. Clots-Figueras, Irma, 2011. "Women in politics," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 95(7), pages 664-690.
  10. Arusha Cooray & Niklas Potrafke, 2010. "Gender inequality in education: Political institutions or culture and religion?," Working Paper Series of the Department of Economics, University of Konstanz 2010-01, Department of Economics, University of Konstanz.
  11. Mani, Anandi & Iyer, Lakshmi & Mishra, Prachi & Topalova, Petia, 2011. "The Power of Political Voice: Women's Political Representation and Crime in India," CAGE Online Working Paper Series 63, Competitive Advantage in the Global Economy (CAGE).
  12. Afridi, Farzana & Iversen, Vegard & Sharan, M.R., 2013. "Women Political Leaders, Corruption and Learning: Evidence from a Large Public Program in India," IZA Discussion Papers 7212, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  13. Thomas, D., 1989. "Intra-Household Resource Allocation: An Inferential Approach," Papers 586, Yale - Economic Growth Center.
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