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Analizando la determinación de impuesto a la renta y sus efectos sobre el crecimiento de la economía boliviana
[On the determination of income tax and its effects on the economic growth in Bolivia]

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  • Valdivia, Daney
  • Loayza, Lilian

Abstract

We compute the optimal income tax using the Quarterly Employment Survey 2010 and the model proposed by Kaplow (2008). The collection of optimal income taxes excludes 92% of people and it’s applied in the three stages; results show that 17% of income tax is optimal. The “optimal tax” is applied in a modified version of the model proposed by Valdivia and Montenegro (2008) in order to evaluate the redistribution effectiveness of consumption and its effects on economic growth. Results show that rule-of-thumb consumption raise 10.7% with a sacrifice of 4% of ricardian households and an increase of total consumption of 0.63% and economic growth, in the medium term, of 0.3% over its natural level. In the same way, fiscal spending raise and we can see positive effects on factor markets (employment and capital raises). Finally, according to the results showed we can see that welfare should be better because the introduction of the income tax causes intra and intergenerational redistribution across households.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 37211.

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Date of creation: 24 Jan 2012
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Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:37211

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Keywords: income tax; dynamic stochastic general equilibrium model;

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  1. Daney, Valdivia & Marcelo, Montenegro, 2009. "Bolivia’s fiscal rules: dynamic stochastic general equilibrium model approach," MPRA Paper 32114, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  2. Kenneth L. Judd, 1982. "Redistributive Taxation in a Simple Perfect Foresight Model," Discussion Papers 572, Northwestern University, Center for Mathematical Studies in Economics and Management Science.
  3. Mankiw, N. Gregory & Weinzierl, Matthew Charles & Yagan, Danny Ferris, 2009. "Optimal Taxation in Theory and Practice," Scholarly Articles 4263739, Harvard University Department of Economics.
  4. Diamond, Peter A, 1998. "Optimal Income Taxation: An Example with a U-Shaped Pattern of Optimal Marginal Tax Rates," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 88(1), pages 83-95, March.
  5. Albert Marcet & Thomas J. Sargent & Juha Seppala, 1996. "Optimal taxation without state-contingent debt," Economics Working Papers 170, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, revised Oct 2001.
  6. Joel Slemrod & Shlomo Yitzhaki & Joram Mayshar, 1991. "The Optimal Two-Bracket Linear Income Tax," NBER Working Papers 3847, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  7. Mikhail Golosov & Aleh Tsyvinski & Ivan Werning, 2007. "New Dynamic Public Finance: A User's Guide," NBER Chapters, in: NBER Macroeconomics Annual 2006, Volume 21, pages 317-388 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  8. Robert J. Barro & Chaipat Sahasakul, 1983. "Measuring the Average Marginal Tax Rate from the Individual Income Tax," NBER Working Papers 1060, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  9. Michel Strawczynski & Momi Dahan, 2000. "Optimal Income Taxation: An Example with a U-Shaped Pattern of Optimal Marginal Tax Rates: Comment," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 90(3), pages 681-686, June.
  10. Feldstein, Martin, 1995. "Effect of Marginal Tax Rates on Taxable Income: A Panel Study of the 1986 Tax Reform Act," Scholarly Articles 2766676, Harvard University Department of Economics.
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