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Meeting the double bottom line: the impact of Khushhali bank's microfinance program in Pakistan

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  • Montgomery, Heather

Abstract

Is it possible for microfinance institutions to simultaneously pursue profits and poverty reduction? This study explores this question by analyzing the impact of Khushhali Bank, the largest retail microfinance bank in Pakistan. Khushhali Bank has shown that it can scale up outreach while remaining focused on the core goals of operational and financial sustainability. Using primary data collected from over 2,000 rural and urban households across Pakistan, the study examines whether the bank also had an impact on economic or social measures of poverty, including empowerment of poor women, or income generating activities run by those households. The poorest of the poor - those subsisting on less than half the official poverty line - are demonstrated to have benefitted the most from the program.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 32595.

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Date of creation: Nov 2005
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Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:32595

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Keywords: microfinance; poverty; impact; empowerment; financially sustainable; commercial;

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References

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  1. Mark M. Pitt & Shahidur R. Khandker, 1998. "The Impact of Group-Based Credit Programs on Poor Households in Bangladesh: Does the Gender of Participants Matter?," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 106(5), pages 958-996, October.
  2. John Weiss & Heather Montgomery, 2005. "Great Expectations: Microfinance and Poverty Reduction in Asia and Latin America," Oxford Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 33(3-4), pages 391-416.
  3. Coleman, Brett E., 1999. "The impact of group lending in Northeast Thailand," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 60(1), pages 105-141, October.
  4. Shahidur R. Khandker, 2005. "Microfinance and Poverty: Evidence Using Panel Data from Bangladesh," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 19(2), pages 263-286.
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Cited by:
  1. Montgomery, Heather & Weiss, John, 2011. "Can Commercially-oriented Microfinance Help Meet the Millennium Development Goals? Evidence from Pakistan," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 39(1), pages 87-109, January.
  2. Coleman, Brett E., 2006. "Microfinance in Northeast Thailand: Who benefits and how much?," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 34(9), pages 1612-1638, September.
  3. Kurosaki, Takashi & Khan, Hidayat Ullah, 2011. "Vulnerability of Microfinance to Strategic Default and Covariate Shocks:Evidence from Pakistan," PRIMCED Discussion Paper Series 10, Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University.

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