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Hypothèse de Thirlwall: cas des pays de la zone Franc
[Thirlwall’s hypothesis : the case of countries of the Franc Zone]

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  • Chassem, Nacisse Palissy
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    Abstract

    The purpose of this study is to test the hypothesis of Thirlwall (1979) for the countries of the Franc Zone. These countries share in common the fixed parity of their currencies against the euro. One issue that concerns most of these countries is the current account deficit. By applying the cointegration bounds test of Pesaran et al. (2001) to annual data (1970-2006), the study shows that Thirlwall's hypothesis is verified for at least 11 of the 15 countries of the Franc Zone. This result raises the question of the effectiveness of current account deficits recorded by these countries and suggests that expansionary monetary policy, strategies for export growth, reevaluation of the CFA franc against the euro would help to relax the constraint of balance of payments on demand and thus accelerate economic growth without damaging the current account in the Franc Zone.

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    File URL: http://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/29990/
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 29990.

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    Date of creation: 31 Mar 2011
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    Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:29990

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    Keywords: Thirlwall’s hypothesis; Balance of payments constrained growth rate; cointegration bounds test; Franc Zone;

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    1. N. Emmanuel Tambi, 1998. "Trade liberalization effects on commodity imports in Cameroon," Journal of Economic Studies, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 25(3), pages 193-202, September.
    2. Norman V. Loayza & Romain Rancière & Luis Servén & Jaume Ventura, 2007. "Macroeconomic Volatility and Welfare in Developing Countries: An Introduction," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 21(3), pages 343-357, October.
    3. Felipe, Jesus & McCombie, J. S. L. & Naqvi, Kaukab, 2009. "Is Pakistan’s Growth Rate Balance-of-Payments Constrained? Policies and Implications for Development and Growth," ADB Economics Working Paper Series 160, Asian Development Bank.
    4. Tuck Cheong Tang & Mahendhiran Nair, 2002. "A cointegration analysis of Malaysian import demand function: reassessment from the bounds test," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 9(5), pages 293-296.
    5. Johansen, Soren, 1988. "Statistical analysis of cointegration vectors," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 12(2-3), pages 231-254.
    6. Thirlwall, Anthony P & Hussain, Mohammed Nureldin, 1982. "The Balance of Payments Constraint, Capital Flows and Growth Rate Differences between Developing Countries," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 34(3), pages 498-510, November.
    7. Anthony Philip Thirlwall, 1979. "The Balance of Payments Constraint as an Explanation of International Growth Rate Differences," Banca Nazionale del Lavoro Quarterly Review, Banca Nazionale del Lavoro, vol. 32(128), pages 45-53.
    8. Hoque, Mohammad Monjurul & Yusop, Zulkornain, 2010. "Impacts of trade liberalisation on aggregate import in Bangladesh: An ARDL Bounds test approach," Journal of Asian Economics, Elsevier, vol. 21(1), pages 37-52, February.
    9. Ralf Ruhwedel & Michael Funke, 2000. "Export Variety and Export Performance: Empirical Evidence from East Asia," Quantitative Macroeconomics Working Papers 20006, Hamburg University, Department of Economics.
    10. Tang, Tuck Cheong, 2003. "Japanese aggregate import demand function: reassessment from the 'bounds' testing approach," Japan and the World Economy, Elsevier, vol. 15(4), pages 419-436, December.
    11. Erkin I. Bairam, 1997. "Levels of Economic Development and Appropriate Specification of the Harrod Foreign-Trade Multiplier," Journal of Post Keynesian Economics, M.E. Sharpe, Inc., vol. 19(3), pages 337-344, April.
    12. M. Hashem Pesaran & Yongcheol Shin & Richard J. Smith, 2001. "Bounds testing approaches to the analysis of level relationships," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 16(3), pages 289-326.
    13. Jonathan Perraton, 2003. "Balance of Payments Constrained Growth and Developing Countries: An examination of Thirlwall's hypothesis," International Review of Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 17(1), pages 1-22.
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