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FDI, local Financial Markets, Employment and poverty alleviation

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  • Abdelaal Mahmoud, Ashraf

Abstract

This paper examines the indirect linkages among foreign direct investment (henceforth, FDI) and poverty reduction, where so far there are few studies attempted to analyze empirically these linkages. Yet I have a question: do we believe that FDI inflows are able to contribute to higher growth and employment in poor countries? I argue yes. Behavior of FDI says something fundamental. FDI inflows vary across international borders and condition by host country environment; therefore, FDI can contribute to higher growth and employment in poor countries but only under certain circumstances, “Roll out the red carpet for foreign investors and they will come”. Countries with better financial systems, healthy business environment and human development are able to attract more FDI and exploit it more efficiently. Empirical analysis using panel data of 62 countries, from 1996 to 2007, shows that FDI appears regular to be a key source of employment and has a favorable impact on economic growth of low-income countries if interacted with monetary and non monetary variables.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 29717.

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Date of creation: 18 Mar 2010
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Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:29717

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Keywords: FDI; Financial market; Poverty; Employment.;

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References

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  1. Robert J. Barro & Gary S. Becker, . "Fertility Choice in a Model of Economic Growth," University of Chicago - Population Research Center 88-8, Chicago - Population Research Center.
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Cited by:
  1. Jayasuriya, Dinuk, 2011. "Improvements in the World Bank's ease of doing business rankings : do they translate into greater foreign direct investment inflows ?," Policy Research Working Paper Series 5787, The World Bank.
  2. Dinuk Jayasuriya, 2011. "Improvements in the World Bank's Ease of Doing Business Rankings: Do they translate into greater foreign direct investment inflows?," Development Policy Centre Discussion Papers 1108, Development Policy Centre, Crawford School of Public Policy, The Australian National University.

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