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Determinants of reserve money demand: a multivariate co-integrating approach

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  • Korap, Levent

Abstract

In this paper, a reserve money demand model is constructed for the Turkish economy. Base on the contemporaneous multivariate co-integration estimation methodology, our findings indicate that the main alternative costs to hold reserve money balances in hand are the expected exchange rate depreciation representing ongoing currency substitution phenomenon in the economy and the equity prices. The semi-elasticity of domestic inflation reveals high degree of substitutability between real monetary balances and durable commodities. Furthermore, there exists evidence in favor of the effects of financial development on the money demand function in the sense that diversification of financial tools held in hand against demand for money balances is a necessary condition for the determination of long-run course of the monetary policy.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 25525.

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Date of creation: 2008
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Publication status: Published in Pamukkale Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi 2.1(2008): pp. 33-42
Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:25525

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Keywords: Reserve Money Demand; Co-integration; Turkish economy;

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  1. Osterwald-Lenum, Michael, 1992. "A Note with Quantiles of the Asymptotic Distribution of the Maximum Likelihood Cointegration Rank Test Statistics," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 54(3), pages 461-72, August.
  2. Kwiatkowski, Denis & Phillips, Peter C. B. & Schmidt, Peter & Shin, Yongcheol, 1992. "Testing the null hypothesis of stationarity against the alternative of a unit root : How sure are we that economic time series have a unit root?," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 54(1-3), pages 159-178.
  3. Johansen, Soren, 1995. "Likelihood-Based Inference in Cointegrated Vector Autoregressive Models," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780198774501, Octomber.
  4. Johansen, Soren, 1988. "Statistical analysis of cointegration vectors," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 12(2-3), pages 231-254.
  5. Gonzalo, Jesus, 1994. "Five alternative methods of estimating long-run equilibrium relationships," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 60(1-2), pages 203-233.
  6. Granger, C. W. J. & Newbold, P., 1974. "Spurious regressions in econometrics," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 2(2), pages 111-120, July.
  7. Irfan Civcir, 2003. "Money demand, financial liberalization and currency substitution in Turkey," Journal of Economic Studies, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 30(5), pages 514-534, October.
  8. Mohsen Bahmani-Oskooee & Muge Karacal, 2006. "The demand for money in Turkey and currency substitution," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 13(10), pages 635-642.
  9. Choudhry, Taufiq, 1995. "High inflation rates and the long-run money demand function: Evidence from cointegration tests," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 17(1), pages 77-91.
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