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Conviction, Gender and Labour Market Status: A Propensity Score Matching Approach

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  • Sciulli, Dario

Abstract

This paper applies propensity score matching methods to National Child Development Study dataset to evaluate the effect of conviction on labour market status, paying specific attention to gender differences. Estimation results show that employment is strongly and negatively affected by conviction, while it increases self-employment, unemployment and inactivity. This possibly indicates employers’ stigmatization against convicted and discouragement effect after a conviction. However, conviction acts differently between males and females. It reduces employment probabilities by about 10% among males and by about 20% among females. More important, while males recover part of the reduced employment probability moving toward self-employment, conviction results in a strong marginalization on the labour market for females, as unemployment and, overall, inactivity strongly increase. This suggests a stronger discouragement effect for females and a different attitude toward self-employment. Social and economic policies aimed to fight social exclusion and to promote employment of convicted individuals should take into account also the great disadvantage of convicted females.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 25054.

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Date of creation: 30 Jun 2010
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Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:25054

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Keywords: propensity score matching; conviction; gender; labour market status.;

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  1. Meyers, Samuel L, Jr, 1983. "Estimating the Economic Model of Crime: Employment versus Punishment Effects," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 98(1), pages 157-66, February.
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  5. Sciulli Dario, 2010. "Conviction, Partial Adverse Selection and Labor Market Discrimination," Review of Law & Economics, De Gruyter, vol. 6(2), pages 275-302, December.
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  15. Sascha O. Becker & Andrea Ichino, 2002. "Estimation of average treatment effects based on propensity scores," Stata Journal, StataCorp LP, vol. 2(4), pages 358-377, November.
  16. Nagin, Daniel & Waldfogel, Joel, 1998. "The Effect of Conviction on Income Through the Life Cycle," International Review of Law and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 18(1), pages 25-40, March.
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