Social security and retirement across OECD countries
AbstractThere are large differences in the employment to population ratio relative to the US across OECD countries, and these differences are even larger for the old age (55-69 years). There are also large differences in various features of social security, such as the replacement rate, the entitlement age or whether it is allowed to collect social security while working. These observations suggest that they might be an important contributing factor in accounting for differences in retirement. I assess quantitatively the importance of these features using a life cycle general equilibrium model of retirement. I find that the differences in social security account for 90% of the differences in employment to population ratio at ages 60-64 in the OECD. The differences in the replacement rates and whether the system allows for collecting social security while working are the most important contributing factors to account for the differences in retirement.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 18752.
Date of creation: 19 Sep 2009
Date of revision:
Social security; retirement; idiosyncratic labor income risk;
Other versions of this item:
- Alonso Ortiz, Jorge, 2009. "Social Security and Retirement across OECD Countries," MPRA Paper 18563, University Library of Munich, Germany.
- J14 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of the Elderly; Economics of the Handicapped; Non-Labor Market Discrimination
- E24 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Employment; Unemployment; Wages; Intergenerational Income Distribution
- H20 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - General
- J26 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Retirement; Retirement Policies
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-AGE-2009-11-27 (Economics of Ageing)
- NEP-ALL-2009-11-27 (All new papers)
- NEP-LAB-2009-11-27 (Labour Economics)
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