Differences of the effects of social capital on health status among residents: evidence from modern Japan
AbstractThis paper aims to explore how social capital is related to self-rated health status in Japan and how this relationship depends on the extent to which a person is embedded into community. The study used data from 3 079 adult participants in the 2000 Social Policy and Social Consciousness (SPSC) survey. Controlling for unobserved city size- and area-specific fixed effects, I find through Ordered Probit estimation that social capital has a significantly positive effect on health status for long-time but not for short-time residents. Results also suggested that the experience of divorce is negatively associated with health status for long- time but not short-time residents. People can enjoy a social network that can be regarded as a kind of social capital if they are a member of a network; nevertheless, people appear to be negatively influenced if they are excluded from a network. Such positive and negative effects of social capital are more obvious when people are more deeply integrated into a community. An empirical study provided evidence that social capital and socio-economic effects on health status are significantly influenced by the extent to which respondents are integrated into a community.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 14983.
Date of creation: 02 May 2009
Date of revision:
social capital; health status;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- I19 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Other
- Z13 - Other Special Topics - - Cultural Economics - - - Economic Sociology; Economic Anthropology; Social and Economic Stratification
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2009-05-09 (All new papers)
- NEP-HAP-2009-05-09 (Economics of Happiness)
- NEP-HEA-2009-05-09 (Health Economics)
- NEP-SOC-2009-05-09 (Social Norms & Social Capital)
- NEP-URE-2009-05-09 (Urban & Real Estate Economics)
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