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Towards an effective implementation of clean development mechanism projects in China

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  • Zhang, ZhongXiang

Abstract

With the already huge and growing amount of greenhouse gas emissions and a great deal of low-cost abatement options available, China is widely expected as the world’s number one host country of clean development mechanism (CDM) projects. But, making this potential a reality represents a significant challenge for China, because there has been a general lack of awareness by both the Chinese government and business communities, clear institutional structure, and implementation strategy. This has raised great concern about China’s ability to compete internationally for CDM projects and exploit fully its CDM potential. This paper aims to address how CDM projects will be effectively implemented in China by examining the major CDM capacity building projects in China with bilateral and multilateral donors, the treatment of low-cost, non-priority CDM projects, and how a system for application, approval and implementation of CDM projects is set up in China and what roles the main institutional actors are going to play in the system. We conclude that these capacity building assistances, the establishment of streamlined and transparent CDM procedures and sound governance, and the lessons learned and experience gained from the implementation of the CDM project in Inner Mongolia and the two Prototype Carbon Fund (PCF)’ projects will help China to take advantage of CDM opportunities. Moreover, in order to further capitalize on its CDM potential, there is a pressing need for the Chinese government to amend its current interim CDM regulations, in particular those controversial provisions on the eligibility to participate in CDM projects in China and the distribution of the revenues derived from CDM project between the project developer and the Chinese government. We believe that taking these capacity building projects and the recommended actions to clearly define the sustainable development objective of the CDM and disseminate CDM knowledge to local authorities and project developers as sectorally and geographically wide as possible, addressing those controversial CDM provisions with clearer guidance, and gaining experience from real practice will reduce the perceived project risks and lower the barriers to CDM project development in China. This is, in turn, likely to lead a much greater percentage of carbon credits to come from CDM projects in China over the next several years.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 13147.

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Date of creation: May 2004
Date of revision: Jul 2005
Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:13147

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Keywords: Clean development mechanism; Capacity building; Charge/tax scheme; China; Price of CERs; Sustainable development;

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References

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  1. Zhang, ZhongXiang, 1999. "Estimating the size of the potential market for all three flexibility mechanisms under the Kyoto Protocol," MPRA Paper 13088, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  2. Zhang, ZhongXiang, 2004. "Meeting the Kyoto targets: the importance of developing country participation," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 26(1), pages 3-19, January.
  3. Zhang, ZhongXiang, 2004. "The World Bank's prototype carbon fund and China," MPRA Paper 13222, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised Dec 2005.
  4. Zhang, ZhongXiang, 2001. "An assessment of the EU proposal for ceilings on the use of Kyoto flexibility mechanisms," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 37(1), pages 53-69, April.
  5. Zhang, Zhong Xiang, 1999. "Estimating the size of the potential market for the Kyoto flexibility mechanisms," CCSO Working Papers, University of Groningen, CCSO Centre for Economic Research 199920, University of Groningen, CCSO Centre for Economic Research.
  6. Gilbert,Christopher L. & Vines,David (ed.), 2006. "The World Bank," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521029018.
  7. repec:wbk:wboper:13411 is not listed on IDEAS
  8. Franck Lecocq & Karan Capoor, . "State and Trends of the Carbon Market 2003," World Bank Other Operational Studies 13416, The World Bank.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. ZhongXiang Zhang, 2010. "China in the Transition to a Low-Carbon Economy," Economics Study Area Working Papers, East-West Center, Economics Study Area 109, East-West Center, Economics Study Area.
  2. ZhongXiang Zhang, 2009. "Is It Fair to Treat China as a Christmas Tree to Hang Everybody’s Complaints? Putting its Own Energy Saving into Perspective," Working Papers, Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei 2009.45, Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei.
  3. Zhang, ZhongXiang, 2008. "Asian energy and environmental policy: Promoting growth while preserving the environment," Energy Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 36(10), pages 3905-3924, October.
  4. Liu, Xuemei, 2008. "The monetary compensation mechanism: An alternative to the clean development mechanism," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 66(2-3), pages 289-297, June.
  5. Emma Paulsson, 2009. "A review of the CDM literature: from fine-tuning to critical scrutiny?," International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics, Springer, Springer, vol. 9(1), pages 63-80, February.
  6. Xie, Huiming & Shen, Manhong & Wang, Rui, 2014. "Determinants of clean development mechanism activity: Evidence from China," Energy Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 67(C), pages 797-806.
  7. Winkelman, Andrew G. & Moore, Michael R., 2011. "Explaining the differential distribution of Clean Development Mechanism projects across host countries," Energy Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 39(3), pages 1132-1143, March.
  8. Ruiyue Jia & Xiumei Guo & Dora Marinova, 2013. "The role of the clean development mechanism in achieving China’s goal of a resource-efficient and environmentally friendly society," Environment, Development and Sustainability, Springer, Springer, vol. 15(1), pages 133-148, February.
  9. Stua, Michele, 2013. "Evidence of the clean development mechanism impact on the Chinese electric power system's low-carbon transition," Energy Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 62(C), pages 1309-1319.
  10. Pauline Lacour & Jean-Christophe Simon, 2012. "Quelle intégration des pays en développement dans le régime climatique ? Le Mécanisme pour un Développement Propre en Asie," Post-Print, HAL halshs-00763231, HAL.
  11. Sudhakara Reddy, B. & Assenza, Gaudenz B., 2009. "The great climate debate," Energy Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 37(8), pages 2997-3008, August.

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