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Road accidents and tourism: the case of the Balearic Islands (Spain)

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Author Info

  • Jaume Rosselló Nadal

    ()
    (Centre de Recerca Econòmica (UIB · Sa Nostra))

  • Óscar Saenz-de-Miera

    ()
    (Balearic Islands University)

Abstract

The increase of tourist activity for many destinations and their increased mobility within host countries has implied a rise in tourism associated externalities with vehicle crashes being the most common cause of injury for tourists. Within the transport literature, the number and variations in the amount of accidents has been related to a large set of determining variables, including weather conditions, socio-economic characteristics, exposure, physical characteristics of the road and a variety of dummies which try to capture effects such as safety laws and seasonal variations. However, the presence of tourism has been neglected. Using the case study of the Balearic Islands, the present study estimates the role of tourism in determining the number of accidents on a daily context, using the set of variables suggested by the literature and incorporating a daily measure for the stock of tourists at a host destination. Results show how tourism can be associated to a significant amount of the accidents that take place in the Balearics.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Centre de Recerca Econòmica (UIB ·"Sa Nostra") in its series CRE Working Papers (Documents de treball del CRE) with number 2009/4.

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Length: 18 pages
Date of creation: 2009
Date of revision:
Publication status: Published in 'Documents de Treball CRE', 2009, pages 1-18
Handle: RePEc:pdm:wpaper:2009/4

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Web page: http://www.cre.sanostra.es

Related research

Keywords: Externalities; Road accidents; Count data models; Daily data; Tourism;

This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:

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  1. Gourieroux, Christian & Monfort, Alain & Trognon, Alain, 1984. "Pseudo Maximum Likelihood Methods: Applications to Poisson Models," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 52(3), pages 701-20, May.
  2. Gunnar Lindberg, 2001. "Traffic Insurance and Accident Externality Charges," Journal of Transport Economics and Policy, London School of Economics and University of Bath, vol. 35(3), pages 399-416, September.
  3. Garcia-Ferrer, A. & de Juan, A. & Poncela, P., 2006. "Forecasting traffic accidents using disaggregated data," International Journal of Forecasting, Elsevier, vol. 22(2), pages 203-222.
  4. Dionne, G. & Desjardins, D. & Laberge-Nadeau, C. & Maag, U., 1993. "Medical Conditions, Risk Exposure and Truck Drivers's Accidents: An Analysis with Count Data Regression Models," Cahiers de recherche 9321, Centre interuniversitaire de recherche en économie quantitative, CIREQ.
  5. Cameron, A. Colin & Trivedi, Pravin K., 1990. "Regression-based tests for overdispersion in the Poisson model," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 46(3), pages 347-364, December.
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