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Reinserción Laboral Adecuada: Dificultades e Implicancias de Política

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Author Info

  • Gustavo Yamada

    ()
    (Departamento de Economía, Universidad del Pacífico)

Abstract

"Pasar por un período de desempleo o inactividad forzosa puede ser una experiencia traumática para cualquier trabajador. Sin embargo, las consecuencias negativas del episodio de desempleo o inactividad pueda que no acaben con la obtención de un nuevo empleo. Este estudio encuentra que el flamante nuevo puesto de trabajo reporta, en la mayoría de casos, remuneraciones reales más bajas y una cantidad menor de beneficios laborales que las que ostentaba el trabajo anterior. El castigo salarial promedio encontrado fluctúa entre 9 y 20% en términos reales. Por su parte, el porcentaje de personas que sufre esta reinserción laboral castigada es de 62%. Las pérdidas en el acceso a beneficios laborales tales como seguro de salud, pensiones de jubilación, vacaciones, gratificaciones y compensación por tiempo de servicios puede ser aún más drásticas, como consecuencia de una reinserción laboral inadecuada. La población laboral femenina es la más afectada pues sus remuneraciones pueden caer entre 16 y 41% en términos reales en el nuevo trabajo. Ninguno de los mecanismos mas reconocidos de protección social del Estado, tales como la CTS o el programa ATU Construyendo Perú está coadyuvando efectivamente a una mejor reinserción laboral, por lo que se necesitaría un urgente fortalecimiento de estos. El estudio discute lineamientos necesarios en este sentido."

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File URL: http://www.up.edu.pe/ciup/SiteAssets/Lists/JER_Jerarquia/EditForm/20080102161749_08-01.pdf
File Function: First Version, 2008
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Departamento de Economía, Universidad del Pacífico in its series Working Papers with number 08-01.

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Length: 68 pages
Date of creation: Jan 2008
Date of revision: Feb 2008
Handle: RePEc:pai:wpaper:08-01

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Web page: http://www.up.edu.pe/
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Related research

Keywords: Reinserción laboral; Desempleo; Inactividad; Seguro de desempleo; Panel data;

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References

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  1. Mário Centeno & Álvaro Novo, 2006. "The Impact of Unemployment Insurance on the Job Match Quality: A Quantile Regression Approach," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 31(4), pages 905-919, November.
  2. Heather Boushey & Jeff Wenger, 2005. "Finding the Better Fit: Receiving Unemployment Insurance Increases Likelihood of Re-employment with Health Insurance," CEPR Reports and Issue Briefs 2005-13, Center for Economic and Policy Research (CEPR).
  3. Gangl, Markus, 2002. "Unemployment benefits as a search subsidy: new evidence on duration and wage effects of unemployment insurance," Discussion Papers, Research Unit: Labor Market Policy and Employment FS I 02-208, Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB).
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Cited by:
  1. Eduardo Morón & Juan Castro & Lucciano Villacorta, 2009. "The Global Crisis and the Peruvian Labor Market: Impact and Policy Options," Working Papers 09-13, Departamento de Economía, Universidad del Pacífico, revised Oct 2009.
  2. Liuba Kogan & Joanna Kámiche & Patricia Lay, 2011. "¿El origen socioeconómico y la raza pagan? Un estudio interdisciplinario sobre la discriminación racial y socioeconómica en el ámbito empresarial limeño. El caso de los egresados de la Universid," Working Papers 11-17, Departamento de Economía, Universidad del Pacífico, revised Dec 2011.

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