Fractionalization and the Fight over Natural Resources: Ethnicity, language, religion, and the onset of civil war
AbstractWe use three different measures of fractionalization (with varying potential for members of one fraction to “mendaciously” pass for a member of another) to revisit the correlation between natural resources and the onset of conflict. The combination of ethnic fractionalization and resource wealth seems to translate into a greater risk of war, but the same is not true for linguistic and religious fractionalization. This is consistent with the “greed hypothesis” as a driver of conflict. However, we also find that the direct effect of resource wealth tends to attenuate the risk of war, and the net effect of resources on conflict is ambiguous.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Oxford Centre for the Analysis of Resource Rich Economies, University of Oxford in its series OxCarre Working Papers with number 017.
Date of creation: 2009
Date of revision:
Civil war; conflict; natural resources; fractionalization;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- Q34 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation - - - Natural Resources and Domestic and International Conflicts
- O11 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development
- N40 - Economic History - - Government, War, Law, International Relations, and Regulation - - - General, International, or Comparative
- N50 - Economic History - - Agriculture, Natural Resources, Environment and Extractive Industries - - - General, International, or Comparative
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- Habyarimana, James P. & Humphreys, Macartan & Posner, Daniel N. & Weinstein, Jeremy, 2006. "Why Does Ethnic Diversity Undermine Public Goods Provision? An Experimental Approach," IZA Discussion Papers 2272, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
- Fum, Ruikang Marcus & Hodler, Roland, 2010.
"Natural resources and income inequality: The role of ethnic divisions,"
Elsevier, vol. 107(3), pages 360-363, June.
- Ruikand Marcus Fum & Roland Hodler, 2009. "Natural Resources and Income Equality: the role of Ethnic divisions," OxCarre Working Papers 023, Oxford Centre for the Analysis of Resource Rich Economies, University of Oxford.
- Ibrahim Ahmed Elbadawi & Raimundo Soto, 2013. "Resource Rents, Institutions and Violent Civil Conflicts," Documentos de Trabajo 438, Instituto de Economia. Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile..
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