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Redesign of the 2005 Pollution Abatement Costs and Expenditure Survey

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Author Info

  • Michael Gallaher
  • Cynthia Morgan
  • Ronald J. Shadbegian
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    Abstract

    The Pollution Abatement Costs and Expenditures (PACE) survey is the only comprehensive source of pollution abatement costs and expenditures related to environmental protection in the manufacturing sector of the United States. The PACE survey was conducted annually from 1973 to 1994, with the exception of 1987. The PACE survey was reinstituted again in 2000 to collect pollution abatement cost data for reference year 1999. The survey has not been administered since 2000 in order for the EPA to evaluate the accuracy of the survey responses. To accomplish this, the EPA engaged in an evaluation process which took approximately a year-and-a-half and included two major phases. The first phase involved working with an expert panel and one-on-one interviews with facilities and trade associations to develop the 2004 PACE survey and guidance document. The second phase of the project included a pretest and pilot test of the 2004 PACE survey and guidance document. This paper will present the results of the pretest, including findings from an independent engineering cost assessment, and discuss how feedback obtained during the site visits shaped the 2005 PACE survey and guidelines.

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    File URL: http://yosemite.epa.gov/ee/epa/eed.nsf/WPNumber/2008-01/$File/2008-01.PDF
    File Function: First version, 2008
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by National Center for Environmental Economics, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency in its series NCEE Working Paper Series with number 200801.

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    Length: 69 pages
    Date of creation: Jan 2008
    Date of revision: Jan 2008
    Handle: RePEc:nev:wpaper:wp200801

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    Related research

    Keywords: survey design; survey evaluation; environmental costs; manufacturing; engineering estimates;

    References

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    Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
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    1. Wayne B. Gray & Ronald J. Shadbegian, 1997. "Environmental Regulation, Investment Timing, and Technology Choice," NBER Working Papers 6036, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Randy A. Becker & Ronald J. Shadbegian, 2007. "Issues and Challenges in Measuring Environmental Expenditures by U.S. Manufacturing: The Redevelopment of the PACE Survey," NCEE Working Paper Series 200708, National Center for Environmental Economics, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, revised Jul 2007.
    3. Eli Berman & Linda T.M. Bui, 1998. "Environmental Regulation and Productivity: Evidence from Oil Refineries," Papers 0091, Boston University - Industry Studies Programme.
    4. Randy A. Becker & J. Vernon Henderson, 1999. "Costs of Air Quality Regulation," NBER Working Papers 7308, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
      • Randy A. Becker & J. Vernon Henderson, 2001. "Costs of Air Quality Regulation," NBER Chapters, in: Behavioral and Distributional Effects of Environmental Policy, pages 159-186 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    5. Gray, Wayne B. & Shadbegian, Ronald J., 2003. "Plant vintage, technology, and environmental regulation," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 46(3), pages 384-402, November.
    6. Levinson, Arik, 1996. "Environmental regulations and manufacturers' location choices: Evidence from the Census of Manufactures," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 62(1-2), pages 5-29, October.
    7. Shadbegian, Ronald J. & Gray, Wayne B., 2005. "Pollution abatement expenditures and plant-level productivity: A production function approach," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 54(2-3), pages 196-208, August.
    8. Pizer, William & Morgenstern, Richard & Shih, Jhih-Shyang, 1998. "The Cost of Environmental Protection," Discussion Papers dp-98-36, Resources For the Future.
    9. Boyd, Gale A. & McClelland, John D., 1999. "The Impact of Environmental Constraints on Productivity Improvement in Integrated Paper Plants," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 38(2), pages 121-142, September.
    10. Martin T. Ross & Michael P. Gallaher & Brian C. Murray & Wanda W. Throneburg & Arik Levinson, 2004. "PACE Survey: Background, Applications, and Data Quality Issues," NCEE Working Paper Series 200409, National Center for Environmental Economics, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, revised Jul 2004.
    11. Satish Joshi & Ranjani Krishnan & Lester Lave, 2002. "Estimating the Hidden Costs of Environmental Regulation," Working Papers 02-10, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau.
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    Cited by:
    1. Richard Kneller & Edward Manderson, . "Environmental Regulations, Outward FDI and Heterogeneous Firms: Are Countries Used as Pollution Havens?," Discussion Papers 09/28, University of Nottingham, GEP.
    2. Deborah Aiken & Rolf Färe & Shawna Grosskopf & Carl Pasurka, 2009. "Pollution Abatement and Productivity Growth: Evidence from Germany, Japan, the Netherlands, and the United States," Environmental & Resource Economics, European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 44(1), pages 11-28, September.

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