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Environmental Regulation and Investment: Evidence from European Country-Industry Data

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  • Leiter, Andrea M.

    ()
    (Department of Economics and Statistics, University of Innsbruck)

  • Parolini, Arno

    ()
    (Department of Economics and Statistics, University of Innsbruck)

  • Winner, Hannes

    ()
    (University of Salzburg)

Abstract

This paper contributes to the empirical literature on the relationship between environmental regulation and firm behavior. In particular, we ask whether and how strongly an industry's investment responds to stringency in environmental regulation. Environmental stringency is measured as (i) an industry's total current expenditure on environmental protection, and (ii) a country's revenue from environmental taxes. Focusing on European industry level data between 1995 and 2005, we estimate the di erential impact of environmental stringency on four types of investment: gross investment in tangible goods, in new buildings, in machinery, and in `productive' investment (investment in tangible goods minus investment in abatement technologies). Both environmental variables enter positively, and their quadratic terms exhibit signi cantly negative parameter estimates. This, in turn, indicates a positive but diminishing impact of environmental regulation on investment.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University of Salzburg in its series Working Papers in Economics and Finance with number 2010-1.

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Length: 40 pages
Date of creation: 13 Jan 2010
Date of revision: 13 Jan 2010
Handle: RePEc:ris:sbgwpe:2010_001

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Keywords: Investment; environmental regulation; pollution abatement costs; Europe.;

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