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The Life Cycle of Plants in India and Mexico

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  • Chang-Tai Hsieh
  • Peter J. Klenow

Abstract

In the U.S., the average 40 year old plant employs almost eight times as many workers as the typical plant five years or younger. In contrast, surviving Indian plants exhibit little growth in terms of either employment or output. Mexico is intermediate to India and the U.S. in these respects: the average 40 year old Mexican plant employs twice as many workers as an average new plant. This pattern holds across many industries and for formal and informal establishments alike. The divergence in plant dynamics suggests lower investments by Indian and Mexican plants in process efficiency, quality, and in accessing markets at home and abroad. In simple GE models, we find that the difference in life cycle dynamics could lower aggregate manufacturing productivity on the order of 25% in India and Mexico relative to the U.S.

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Paper provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Working Papers with number 18133.

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Date of creation: Jun 2012
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Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:18133

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  1. Cabral, Luís M B & Mata, José, 2001. "On the Evolution of the Firm Size Distribution: Facts and Theory," CEPR Discussion Papers 3045, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  2. Thomas J. Holmes & John J. Stevens, 2010. "Exports, Borders, Distance, and Plant Size," Working Papers 10-13, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau.
  3. Chang-Tai Hsieh & Peter J Klenow, 2008. "Misallocation and Manufacturing TFP in China and India," 2008 Meeting Papers 121, Society for Economic Dynamics.
  4. Diego Restuccia & Richard Rogerson, 2007. "Policy Distortions and Aggregate Productivity with Heterogeneous Plants," Working Papers tecipa-283, University of Toronto, Department of Economics.
  5. Gian Luca Clementi & Hugo Hopenhagn, 2004. "A Theory of Financing Constraints and Firm Dynamics," Working Papers 04-25, New York University, Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics.
  6. Andrew Atkeson & Ariel Burstein, 2007. "Innovation, Firm Dynamics, and International Trade," Levine's Working Paper Archive 122247000000001423, David K. Levine.
  7. Nicholas Bloom & David McKenzie, 2010. "Does Management Matter? Evidence From India," Discussion Papers 10-014, Stanford Institute for Economic Policy Research.
  8. Lucia Foster & John Haltiwanger & Chad Syverson, 2012. "The Slow Growth of New Plants: Learning about Demand?," Working Papers 12-06, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau.
  9. Michael Peters, 2011. "Heterogeneous Mark-Ups and Endogenous Misallocation," 2011 Meeting Papers 78, Society for Economic Dynamics.
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  12. Virgiliu Midrigan & Daniel Yi Xu, 2010. "Finance and Misallocation: Evidence from Plant-level Data," NBER Working Papers 15647, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  13. Dhritiman Bhattacharya, 2011. "Distortions, Endogenous Managerial Skills and Productivity Differences," 2011 Meeting Papers 570, Society for Economic Dynamics.
  14. Bhattacharya, Dhritiman & Guner, Nezih & Ventura, Gustavo, 2011. "Distortions, Endogenous Managerial Skills and Productivity Differences," IZA Discussion Papers 5963, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  15. Harold L. Cole & Jeremy Greenwood & Juan M. Sánchez, 2012. "Why doesn’t technology flow from rich to poor countries?," Working Papers 2012-040, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis.
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  17. Costas Arkolakis, 2010. "Market Penetration Costs and the New Consumers Margin in International Trade," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 118(6), pages 1151 - 1199.
  18. Dunne, T. & Roberts, M.J. & Samuelson, L., 1988. "The Growth And Failure Of U.S. Manufacturing Plants," Papers 1-87-5, Pennsylvania State - Department of Economics.
  19. Rui Albuquerque & Hugo A. Hopenhayn, 2004. "Optimal Lending Contracts and Firm Dynamics," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 71(2), pages 285-315.
  20. Thomas Chaney, 2008. "Distorted Gravity: The Intensive and Extensive Margins of International Trade," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 98(4), pages 1707-21, September.
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Blog mentions

As found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
  1. Why do Indian and Mexican plants not grow?
    by Economic Logician in Economic Logic on 2012-10-03 14:11:00
Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
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Cited by:
  1. Bhattacharya, Dhritiman & Guner, Nezih & Ventura, Gustavo, 2011. "Distortions, Endogenous Managerial Skills and Productivity Differences," IZA Discussion Papers 5963, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  2. Didier, Tatiana & Schmukler, Sergio L., 2013. "The financing and growth of firms in China and India: Evidence from capital markets," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 39(C), pages 111-137.
  3. Diego Restuccia & Richard Rogerson, 2012. "Misallocation and Productivity," Working Papers tecipa-468, University of Toronto, Department of Economics.

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