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Managing Capital Inflows: The Role of Capital Controls and Prudential Policies

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  • Mahvash S. Qureshi
  • Jonathan D. Ostry
  • Atish R. Ghosh
  • Marcos Chamon

Abstract

We examine whether macroprudential policies and capital controls can contribute to enhancing financial stability in the face of large capital inflows. We construct new indices of foreign currency (FX)-related prudential measures, domestic prudential measures, and financial-sector capital controls for 51 emerging market economies over the period 1995–2008. Our results indicate that both capital controls and FX-related prudential measures are associated with a lower proportion of FX lending in total domestic bank credit and a lower proportion of portfolio debt in total external liabilities. Other prudential policies appear to help restrain the intensity of aggregate credit booms. Experience from the global financial crisis suggests that prudential and capital control policies in place during the boom seem to have enhanced economic resilience during the bust.

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Paper provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Working Papers with number 17363.

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Date of creation: Aug 2011
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Publication status: published as Mahvash S. Qureshi, Jonathan D. Ostry, Atish R. Ghosh, Marcos Chamon. "Managing Capital Inflows: The Role of Capital Controls and Prudential Policies ," in Charles Engel, Kristin Forbes, and Jeffrey Frankel, organizers, "Global Financial Crisis" Elsevier, Journal of International Economics 88(2) (2012)
Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:17363

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References

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  1. International Monetary Fund, 2010. "The Credit Boom in the EU New Member States: Bad Luck or Bad Policies?," IMF Working Papers 10/130, International Monetary Fund.
  2. Gupta, Poonam & Mishra, Deepak & Sahay, Ratna, 2007. "Behavior of output during currency crises," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 72(2), pages 428-450, July.
  3. Simeon Djankov & Oliver Hart & Caralee McLiesh & Andrei Shleifer, 2006. "Debt Enforcement Around the World," NBER Working Papers 12807, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Jonathan David Ostry & Mahvash Saeed Qureshi & Karl Friedrich Habermeier & Dennis B. S. Reinhardt & Marcos Chamon & Atish R. Ghosh, 2010. "Capital Inflows: The Role of Controls," IMF Staff Position Notes 2010/04, International Monetary Fund.
  5. Giovanni Dell'Ariccia & Robert Marquez, 2006. "Lending Booms and Lending Standards," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 61(5), pages 2511-2546, October.
  6. Hutchison, Michael & Kendall, Jake & Pasricha, Gurnain Kaur & Singh, Nirvikar, 2009. "Indian Capital Control Liberalization: Evidence from NDF Markets," MPRA Paper 13630, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  7. Razin, A. & Sadka, E. & Yuen, C.-W., 1998. "Do Debt Flows Crowd out Equity Flows or the Other Way Round?," Papers 17-98, Tel Aviv.
  8. Nicolas E. Magud E. & Carmen M. & Kenneth S. Rogoff, 2011. "Capital Controls: Myth and Reality--A Portfolio Balance Approach," Working Paper Series WP11-7, Peterson Institute for International Economics.
  9. Cardenas, Mauricio & Barrera, Felipe, 1997. "On the effectiveness of capital controls: The experience of Colombia during the 1990s," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 54(1), pages 27-57, October.
  10. Harrison, Ann E. & Love, Inessa & McMillan, Margaret S., 2002. "Global capital flows and financing constraints," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2782, The World Bank.
  11. Martin Schindler, 2009. "Measuring Financial Integration: A New Data Set," IMF Staff Papers, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 56(1), pages 222-238, April.
  12. Guonan Ma & RobertN McCauley, 2008. "Efficacy Of China'S Capital Controls: Evidence From Price And Flow Data," Pacific Economic Review, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 13(1), pages 104-123, 02.
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  14. De Gregorio, Jose & Edwards, Sebastian & Valdes, Rodrigo O., 2000. "Controls on capital inflows: do they work?," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 63(1), pages 59-83, October.
  15. Atish R. Ghosh & Karl Friedrich Habermeier & Jonathan David Ostry & Marcos Chamon & Luc Laeven & Mahvash Saeed Qureshi & Annamaria Kokenyne, 2011. "Managing Capital Inflows: What Tools to Use?," IMF Staff Discussion Notes 11/06, International Monetary Fund.
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Cited by:
  1. Ravi Balakrishnan & Sylwia Nowak & Sanjaya Panth & Yiqun Wu, 2013. "Surging Capital Flows To Emerging Asia: Facts, Impacts And Responses," Journal of International Commerce, Economics and Policy (JICEP), World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd., vol. 4(02), pages 1350007-1-1.
  2. Kristina Spantig, 2012. "International monetary policy spillovers in an asymmetric world monetary system - The United States and China," Global Financial Markets Working Paper Series 2012-33, Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena.
  3. Kristin J. Forbes & Francis E. Warnock, 2011. "Capital Flow Waves: Surges, Stops, Flight, and Retrenchment," NBER Chapters, in: Global Financial Crisis National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Benjamin Carton, 2011. "The Impossible Trinity Revised: An Application to China," Working Papers 2011-27, CEPII research center.
  5. Marcel Fratzscher, 2011. "Capital Controls and Foreign Exchange Policy," Working Papers Central Bank of Chile 652, Central Bank of Chile.
  6. Charles Engel, 2012. "Capital controls: what have we learned?," BIS Papers chapters, in: Bank for International Settlements (ed.), Challenges related to capital flows: Latin American perspectives, volume 68, pages 22-26 Bank for International Settlements.
  7. Bank for International Settlements, 2012. "Challenges related to capital flows: Latin American perspectives," BIS Papers, Bank for International Settlements, number 68, 3.
  8. Kristin J. Forbes & Francis E. Warnock, 2012. "Capital Debt -and Equity-Led Capital Flow Episodes," Working Papers Central Bank of Chile 676, Central Bank of Chile.
  9. Ding, Ding & Jinjarak, Yothin, 2012. "Development threshold, capital flows, and financial turbulence," The North American Journal of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 23(3), pages 365-385.

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