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Random Walk or A Run: Market Microstructure Analysis of the Foreign Exchange Rate Movements based on Conditional Probability

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  • Yuko Hashimoto
  • Takatoshi Ito
  • Takaaki Ohnishi
  • Misako Takayasu
  • Hideki Takayasu
  • Tsutomu Watanabe

Abstract

Using tick-by-tick data of the dollar-yen and euro-dollar exchange rates recorded in the actual transaction platform, a "run" -- continuous increases or decreases in deal prices for the past several ticks -- does have some predictable information on the direction of the next price movement. Deal price movements, that are consistent with order flows, tend to continue a run once it started i.e., conditional probability of deal prices tend to move in the same direction as the last several times in a row is higher than 0.5. However, quote prices do not show such tendency of a run. Hence, a random walk hypothesis is refuted in a simple test of a run using the tick by tick data. In addition, a longer continuous increase of the price tends to be followed by larger reversal. The findings suggest that those market participants who have access to real-time, tick-by-tick transaction data may have an advantage in predicting the exchange rate movement. Findings here also lend support to the momentum trading strategy.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Working Papers with number 14160.

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Date of creation: Jul 2008
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Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:14160

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  1. In praise of belief in efficient markets
    by chris dillow in Stumbling and Mumbling on 2009-02-13 11:14:47
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Cited by:
  1. Evans, Kevin & Speight, Alan, 2010. "International macroeconomic announcements and intraday euro exchange rate volatility," Journal of the Japanese and International Economies, Elsevier, vol. 24(4), pages 552-568, December.
  2. Rechenthin, Michael & Street, W. Nick, 2013. "Using conditional probability to identify trends in intra-day high-frequency equity pricing," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 392(24), pages 6169-6188.

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