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Pension Plan Characteristics and Framing Effects in Employee Savings Behavior

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  • David Card
  • Michael Ransom

Abstract

In this paper we document the importance of framing effects in the retirement savings decisions of college professors. Pensions in many post-secondary institutions are funded by a combination of an employer contribution and a mandatory employee contribution. Employees can also make tax-deferred contributions to a supplemental savings account. A standard lifecycle savings model predicts a "dollar-for-dollar" tradeoff between supplemental savings and the combined regular pension contributions made on behalf of an employee. Contrary to this prediction, we estimate that each additional dollar of employee contributions leads to a 70 cent reduction in supplemental savings, whereas each dollar of employer contributions generates only a 30 cent reduction. The asymmetry - which is consistent with different "mental accounts" for employer and employee contributions - provides further evidence of the sensitivity of individual savings decisions to the precise details of their pension plan.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Working Papers with number 13275.

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Date of creation: Jul 2007
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Publication status: published as David Card & Michael Ransom, 2011. "Pension Plan Characteristics and Framing Effects in Employee Savings Behavior," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 93(1), pages 228-243, 08.
Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:13275

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Cited by:
  1. Beshears, John & Choi, James J. & Laibson, David I. & Madrian, Brigitte, 2011. "Behavioral Economics Perspective on Public Sector Pension Plans," Scholarly Articles 9647369, Harvard Kennedy School of Government.
  2. Kooreman, Peter & Melenberg, Bertrand & Prast, Henriƫtte M. & Vellekoop, Nathanaƫl, 2013. "Framing Effects in an Employee Savings Scheme: A Non-Parametric Analysis," IZA Discussion Papers 7154, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).

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