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The Relationship between Individual Labour Market Outcomes, Household Income and Expenditure, and Inequality and Poverty in New Zealand from 1983 to 2003


Author Info

  • Steven Stillman

    (University of Otago)

  • Trinh Le

    (Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research)

  • John Gibson

    (University of Waikato)

  • Hyslop, Dean

    (Victoria University of Wellington)

  • David C. Maré

    (Motu Economic and Public Policy Research)


This paper investigates the relationship between individual labour market outcomes, household income and expenditure, and inequality and poverty in New Zealand using detailed data from the 1983/84 – 2003/04 Household Economic Survey (HES). We begin by discussing and summarising measures of income and expenditure calculated from the HES. We next examine the relationship between individual labour market outcomes, and household income and expenditure for households with different characteristics. In particular, we focus on how this relationship varies over the life cycle and over time. This analysis is then extended to examine inequality in labour market outcomes, household income and household expenditure. In the last section, we examine the determinants of the levels and changes in poverty in New Zealand using both expenditure and income data. We also apply a newly developed methodology for combining income and expenditure data to produce poverty indicators.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Motu Economic and Public Policy Research in its series Working Papers with number 12_02.

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Length: 78 pages
Date of creation: Feb 2012
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:mtu:wpaper:12_02

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Keywords: income; expenditure; inequality; poverty; living standard; New Zealand;

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