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The Value Of Diversity: Foreign Direct Investmentand Employment In Central Europe During Economic Recovery

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  • Urmas Varblane
  • Tomasz Mickiewicz
  • Slavo Radosevic

Abstract

We examine the role of FDI in job creation and job preservation as well as their role in changing the structure of employment. Our analysis refers to Czech Republic, Hungary, Slovakia and Estonia. We present descriptive stage model of FDI progression into transition economy. Employment aspects of the model are next analysed. We conclude that the role of FDI in employment creation/preservation has been most successful in Hungary and than in Estonia. Yet, FDI can operate as complement rather than as substitute in employment generation/preservation. The paper shows that the increasing differences in sectoral distribution of FDI employment across countries are closely related to FDI inflows per capita. The bigger diversity of types of FDI is more favourable for the host economy. There is higher likelihood that it will lead to more diverse types of spillovers and skill transfers. If policy is unable to maximise the scale of FDI inflows than policy makers should focus much more on attracting diverse types of FDI.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, University of Tartu (Estonia) in its series University of Tartu - Faculty of Economics and Business Administration Working Paper Series with number 2.

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Length: pages
Date of creation: 2000
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Handle: RePEc:mtk:febawb:02

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Cited by:
  1. Franck Barry, 2013. "The Knowledge Economy, Economic Transformations and ICT: Regional Dynamics in the Deployment Phase. Case study: Southern and Eastern Ireland," JRC-IPTS Working Papers JRC83549, Institute for Prospective and Technological Studies, Joint Research Centre.
  2. Yousafzai, Arshad Hayat, 2014. "Exploring the Causality and Co-integration Relationship between FDI, GDP and Employment: A Case of Czech Republic," MPRA Paper 54827, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  3. Karoly Fazekas & Jeno Koltay (ed.), 2004. "The Hungarian Labour Market 2004," The Hungarian Labour Market Yearbooks, Institute of Economics, Centre for Economic and Regional Studies, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, number 2004, January.
  4. Sass, Magdolna, 2004. "FDI in Hungary - the first mover's advantage and disadvantage," EIB Papers 8/2004, European Investment Bank, Economics Department.
  5. Marian Dinga, 2008. "The Impact of Territorially Concentraced FDI on Local Labor Markets: Evidence from the Czech Republic," CERGE-EI Working Papers wp348, The Center for Economic Research and Graduate Education - Economic Institute, Prague.
  6. Villa, Stefania, 2010. "Exploring the linkages between investment and employment in Moldova : a time-series analysis," ILO Working Papers 455342, International Labour Organization.
  7. Dinga, Marián & Münich, Daniel, 2010. "The impact of territorially concentrated FDI on local labor markets: Evidence from the Czech Republic," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 17(2), pages 354-367, April.
  8. Onaran, Ozlem & Stockhammer, Engelbert, 2008. "The effect of FDI and foreign trade on wages in the Central and Eastern European Countries in the post-transition era: A sectoral analysis for the manufacturing industry," Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, Elsevier, vol. 19(1), pages 66-80, March.

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