Technology, MNEs activity and Italian skill upgrading
AbstractThis paper analyses empirically whether skill-biased technological change and foreign direct investment play a role in explaining the skill-upgrading in Italian manufacturing industry during the 1990s. To test this issue I use, simultaneously, industry level data from two groups of firms: foreign owned firms and Italian multinational firms investing abroad. But while the results do not find evidence of skill upgrading transmitted through R&D effort undertaken by Italian parents, they support the hypothesis of a positive role played by the group of foreign owned firms. This result is confirmed especially in low-tech sectors. However, this positive impact may be partially or completely offset if the share of inward FDI activity increases over a certain threshold. The empirical evidence does not provide support that the R&D effort undertaken in high-tech sectors by each group of firms has influence on Italian skill upgrading
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Department of Economics, Management and Quantitative Methods at Università degli Studi di Milano in its series Departmental Working Papers with number 2004-25.
Date of creation: 01 Jan 2004
Date of revision:
Foreign Direct Investment; Skill Biased Technological Change; Skill Upgrading;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business
- J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
- O33 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Technological Change; Research and Development; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Technological Change: Choices and Consequences; Diffusion Processes
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2004-10-18 (All new papers)
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