The intensity of the Rwandan genocide: Fine measures from the gacaca records
AbstractThis article demonstrates how Â…ne continuous and categorical measures of genocide intensity can be derived from the records of the Rwandan transitional justice system. The data, which include the number of genocide suspects and genocide survivors across 1484 administrative sectors, are highly skewed and con- tain a non-negligible number of outlying observations. After deriving nine proxies of genocide intensity from the data, various sets of these proxies are subjected to skewness-adjusted Robust Principal Component Analysis (ROBPCA), yielding four distinct continuous indices of genocide intensity. The eÂ¤ect of survival bias on these indices is reduced by augmenting the set of genocide proxies subjected to ROBPCA with the distance from an administrative sector to the nearest mass grave. Finally, the administrative sectors are divided into distinct categories of low, moderate and high genocide intensity by means of Local Indicators of Spatial Auto-Correlation (LISA) that allow identifying signiÂ…cant high-high and low-low clusters of genocide intensity.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by LICOS - Centre for Institutions and Economic Performance, KU Leuven in its series LICOS Discussion Papers with number 25610.
Date of creation: 2010
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- Verpoorten, Marijke, 2010. "The intensity of the Rwandan genocide: fine measures from the Gacaca records," Open Access publications from Katholieke Universiteit Leuven urn:hdl:123456789/284379, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven.
- J11 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Demographic Trends, Macroeconomic Effects, and Forecasts
- J15 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Minorities, Races, and Immigrants; Non-labor Discrimination
- Y80 - Miscellaneous Categories - - Related Disciplines - - - Related Disciplines
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2010-04-17 (All new papers)
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- Gonzalez, Maria A & Lopez, Rigoberto A, 2007.
"Political Violence and Farm Household Efficiency in Colombia,"
Economic Development and Cultural Change,
University of Chicago Press, vol. 55(2), pages 367-92, January.
- María A. González & Rigoberto A. Lopez, 2007. "Political Violence and Farm Household Efficiency in Colombia," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 55, pages 367-392.
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- Verpoorten, Marijke, 2011.
"Measure for measure: how well do we measure micro-level conflict intensity?,"
Open Access publications from Katholieke Universiteit Leuven
urn:hdl:123456789/301501, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven.
- Marijke Verpoorten, 2011. "Measure for Measure: How Well Do We Measure Micro-Level Conflict Intensity?," LICOS Discussion Papers 27511, LICOS - Centre for Institutions and Economic Performance, KU Leuven.
- Verpoorten, Marijke, 2011. "Measure for Measure: How Well Do We Measure Micro-level Conflict Intensity?," IOB Working Papers 2011.08, Universiteit Antwerpen, Institute of Development Policy and Management (IOB).
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