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A Dynamic Two Country Heckscher-Ohlin Model with Non-Homothetic Preferences

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Author Info

  • Eric W. Bond

    ()
    (Department of Economics, Vanderbilt University)

  • Kazumichi Iwasa

    ()
    (Institute of Economic Research, Kyoto University)

  • Kazuo Nishimura

    ()
    (Institute of Economic Research, Kyoto University)

Abstract

We examine the properties of a two country dynamic Heckscher-Ohlin model that allows for preferences to be non-homothetic. We show that the model has a continuum of steady state equilibria under free trade, with the initial conditions determining which equilibrium will be attained. We establish conditions under which a static Heckscher-Ohlin theorem will hold in the steady state, and also conditions for a dynamic H-O theorem to hold. If both goods are normal, each country will have a unique autarkic steady state, and all steady state equilibria are saddle points. We also consider the case in which one good is inferior, and show that this can lead to multiple autarkic steady states, violations of the static H-O theorem in the steady state. Furthermore, there may exist steady state equilibria that Pareto dominate other steady states. These steady states will be unstable if discount factors are the same in each country, although they may exhibit dynamic indeterminacy if discount factors differ.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Kyoto University, Institute of Economic Research in its series KIER Working Papers with number 686.

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Length: 34pages
Date of creation: Nov 2009
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:kyo:wpaper:686

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Keywords: two-country model; Heckscher-Ohlin; inferior good; multiple equilibria; indeterminacy;

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Cited by:
  1. Partha Sen, 2013. "Unilateral Emission Cuts And Carbon Leakages In A North-South Trade Model," Working papers 232, Centre for Development Economics, Delhi School of Economics.
  2. Armando Garcia Pires, 2012. "International trade and competitiveness," Economic Theory, Springer, vol. 50(3), pages 727-763, August.
  3. Eric BOND & IWASA Kazumichi & NISHIMURA Kazuo, 2012. "The Dynamic Heckscher-Ohlin Model: A diagrammatic analysis," Discussion papers 12008, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).

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