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Agriculture-Nutrition Pathway in India

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Author Info

  • Raghav Gaiha

    (Department of Urban Studies and Planning, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, USA)

  • Nidhi Kaicker

    (School of Business, Public Policy and Social Entrepreneurship, Ambedkar University, Delhi, India)

  • Katsushi S. Imai

    (Economics, School of Social Sciences, University of Manchester (UK) and RIEB, Kobe University (Japan))

  • Ganesh Thapa

    (International Fund for Agricultural Development, Rome, Italy)

Abstract

Our analysis illustrates one pathway between agriculture and nutrition through production of nutrients by crop and size as well as through livestock. As this pathway is subsumed in agriculture and nutrition studies focusing on anthropometric outcomes, and hardly any light is thrown on the contribution of smallholders, it is emphasised that they play an important role as producers of nutrients. Specifically, despite various disadvantages (e.g. inadequate access to extension, technology, credit and markets), they contribute largest shares of calories, protein and fats. However, profits earned (using an approximate measure) are considerably lower among them than among medium and large landholders. At least two reasons are identified in our analysis: one is limited access to markets and another is lower crop prices. A much greater emphasis on enabling higher investment, access to technology and markets through better rural infrastructure would help increase profitability of crop production. Equally important are market imperfections that manifest in lower crop prices for smallholders. How economies of scale could be exploited through farmers' groups needs careful scrutiny.

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File URL: http://www.rieb.kobe-u.ac.jp/academic/ra/dp/English/DP2012-16.pdf
File Function: First version, 2012
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Research Institute for Economics & Business Administration, Kobe University in its series Discussion Paper Series with number DP2012-16.

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Length: 17 pages
Date of creation: Jun 2012
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:kob:dpaper:dp2012-16

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Keywords: Agriculture; Food crops; Livestock; Smallholders; Calorie; Protein and fat;

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References

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  1. Raghav Gaiha & Nidhi Kaicker & Katsushi Imai & Vani S. Kulkarni & Ganesh Thapa, 2012. "Has Dietary Transition Slowed Down in India: An analysis based on 50th, 61st and 66th Rounds of NSS," ASARC Working Papers 2012-07, The Australian National University, Australia South Asia Research Centre.
  2. Raghav Gaiha & Nidhi Kaicker & Katsushi Imai & Ganesh Thapa, 2012. "Demand for Nutrients in India: An analysis based on the 50th, 61st and 66th Rounds of the NSS," ASARC Working Papers 2012-08, The Australian National University, Australia South Asia Research Centre.
  3. Shilpi, Forhad & Umali-Deininger, Dina, 2007. "Where to sell ? market facilities and agricultural marketing," Policy Research Working Paper Series 4455, The World Bank.
  4. Gillespie, Stuart & Harris, Jody & Kadiyala, Suneetha, 2012. "The Agriculture-Nutrition Disconnect in India: What Do We Know?:," IFPRI discussion papers 1187, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
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