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Impact of Community Management on Forest Protection:Evidence from an Aid-Funded Project in Ethiopia

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  • Takahashi, Ryo
  • Todo, Yasuyuki

Abstract

This study uses remote sensing data to quantitatively examine the impact of establishing participatory forest management associations in Ethiopia. The results indicate that where there is a forest association, forest area declines more in the year the association is established than it does in a forest area where there is no association. This suggests that villagers may engage in “last-minute” logging. However, one year after associations are established, forest area where there is an association increases substantially, probably due to the associations planting trees at boundary areas between forest and non-forest and monitoring illegal logging. On average, where there are forest associations, forest area increases by 1.5 percent in the first two years, while forest area where there is no association declines by 3.3 percent. Totaling this impact over two years yields a 4.8 percent positive net increase in the rate of change.

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File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10685/56
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File URL: http://repository.ri.jica.go.jp/dspace/bitstream/10685/56/1/JICA-RI_WP_No.31_2011_2.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by JICA Research Institute in its series Working Papers with number 31.

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Date of creation: 06 Jul 2011
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Handle: RePEc:jic:wpaper:31

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Keywords: impact evaluation ; remote sensing ; forest protection ; community management ; Ethiopia;

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  1. Maureen Cropper & Charles Griffiths & Muthukumara Mani, 1999. "Roads, Population Pressures, and Deforestation in Thailand, 1976-1989," Land Economics, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 75(1), pages 58-73.
  2. Edmonds, Eric V., 2002. "Government-initiated community resource management and local resource extraction from Nepal's forests," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 68(1), pages 89-115, June.
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  6. Cropper, Maureen & Griffiths, Charles, 1994. "The Interaction of Population Growth and Environmental Quality," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 84(2), pages 250-54, May.
  7. Deng, Xiangzheng & Huang, Jikun & Uchida, Emi & Rozelle, Scott & Gibson, John, 2011. "Pressure cookers or pressure valves: Do roads lead to deforestation in China?," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 61(1), pages 79-94, January.
  8. Kijima, Yoko & Sakurai, Takeshi & Otsuka, Keijiro, 2000. "Iriaichi: Collective versus Individualized Management of Community Forests in Postwar Japan," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 48(4), pages 866-86, July.
  9. Gibson, Clark C. & Williams, John T. & Ostrom, Elinor, 2005. "Local Enforcement and Better Forests," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 33(2), pages 273-284, February.
  10. E. Somanathan & R. Prabhakar & Bhupendra Singh Mehta, 2005. "Does decentralization work? Forest conservation in the Himalayas," Indian Statistical Institute, Planning Unit, New Delhi Discussion Papers 05-04, Indian Statistical Institute, New Delhi, India.
  11. Lund, Jens Friis & Treue, Thorsten, 2008. "Are We Getting There? Evidence of Decentralized Forest Management from the Tanzanian Miombo Woodlands," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 36(12), pages 2780-2800, December.
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Cited by:
  1. Todo, Yasuyuki & Takahashi, Ryo, 2011. "Impact of Farmer Field Schools on Agricultural Income and Skills: Evidence from an Aid-Funded Project in Rural Ethiopia," Working Papers 30, JICA Research Institute.

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