Welfare Benefits and Female Headship in US Time Series
AbstractThere has been a considerable amount of work on the relationship between AFDC benefits and family structure in the US The evidence to date which uses cross-state variation in welfare benefits and family structure often with state fixed effects indicates that there is some nonzero effect of those benefits on marriage and fertility although there is disagreement on the magnitude of the effect However it is undisputed that time series trends in family structure are not correlated in the direction that the cross-state evidence would suggest for real benefits have been falling even relative to wages in aggregate time series This paper reexamines the time series evidence with particular attention to the role of wages in explaining trends in headship and notes that the correct specification includes both male as well as female wages When both are controlled welfare benefits have a slight positive impact on female headship even in time series The results demonstrate the importance of labor market factors in explaining trends in female headship
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by The Johns Hopkins University,Department of Economics in its series Economics Working Paper Archive with number 434.
Date of creation: Jun 2000
Date of revision:
Other versions of this item:
- Robert A. Moffitt, 2000. "Welfare Benefits and Female Headship in U.S. Time Series," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 90(2), pages 373-377, May.
- R. A. Moffitt, . "Welfare Benefits and Female Headship in U.S. Time Series," Institute for Research on Poverty Discussion Papers 1219-01, University of Wisconsin Institute for Research on Poverty.
- J12 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Marriage; Marital Dissolution; Family Structure
- I38 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Government Programs; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs
- J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
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