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Maternal Employment and Childhood Obesity: A European Perspective

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Author Info

  • Gwozdz, Wencke

    ()
    (Copenhagen Business School)

  • Sousa-Poza, Alfonso

    ()
    (University of Hohenheim)

  • Reisch, Lucia A.

    ()
    (Copenhagen Business School)

  • Ahrens, Wolfgang

    ()
    (University of Bremen)

  • De Henauw, Stefaan

    ()
    (Ghent University)

  • Eiben, Gabriele

    ()
    (University of Gothenburg)

  • Fernández-Alvira, Juan M.

    (University of Zaragoza)

  • Hadjigeorgiou, Charalampos

    (affiliation not available)

  • Kovács, Eva

    (affiliation not available)

  • Lauria, Fabio

    (affiliation not available)

  • Veidebaum, Toomas

    ()
    (affiliation not available)

  • Williams, Garrath

    ()
    (Lancaster University)

  • Bammann, Karin

    ()
    (University of Bremen)

Abstract

The substantial increase in female employment rates in Europe over the past two decades has often been linked in political and public rhetoric to negative effects on child development, including obesity. We analyse this association between maternal employment and childhood obesity using rich objective reports of various anthropometric and other measures of fatness from the IDEFICS study of children aged 2-9 in 16 regions of eight European countries. Based on such data as accelerometer measures and information from nutritional diaries, we also investigate the effects of maternal employment on obesity's main drivers: calorie intake and physical activity. Our analysis provides little evidence for any association between maternal employment and childhood obesity, diet or physical activity.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 7371.

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Length: 39 pages
Date of creation: Apr 2013
Date of revision:
Publication status: published in: Journal of Health Economics, 2013, 32 (4), 728-742
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp7371

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Keywords: children; maternal employment; obesity; Europe;

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References

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  1. Jens Bonke & Jane Greve, 2012. "Children’s health-related life-styles: how parental child care affects them," Review of Economics of the Household, Springer, vol. 10(4), pages 557-572, December.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Datar, Ashlesha & Nicosia, Nancy & Shier, Victoria, 2014. "Maternal work and children's diet, activity, and obesity," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 107(C), pages 196-204.
  2. Nie, Peng & Sousa-Poza, Alfonso, 2014. "Maternal Employment and Childhood Obesity in China: Evidence from the China Health and Nutrition Survey," IZA Discussion Papers 8030, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  3. Spahn, Peter, 2013. "Macroeconomic stabilisation and bank lending: A simple workhorse model," FZID Discussion Papers 76-2013, University of Hohenheim, Center for Research on Innovation and Services (FZID).

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