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Socio-Spatial Transformations, Suburbanisation, and Voting Behaviour in the Vilnius Urban Region

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Author Info

  • Ubarevičienė, Rūta

    ()
    (Lithuanian Social Research Centre)

  • Burneika, Donatas

    ()
    (Lithuanian Social Research Centre)

  • van Ham, Maarten

    ()
    (Delft University of Technology)

Abstract

This paper analyses the interrelationship between the process of suburbanization and a changing political and ethnic landscape in the Vilnius urban region. The region surrounding Vilnius city is dominated by Polish identity residents while those who suburbanise into the region are mainly ethnic Lithuanians. This may lead to potential tension and conflicts in the region which may find its expression in the voting behaviour of residents of the region. Using data from the 1997 and 2011 municipal elections we found that the share of votes for the Polish party in the region decreases over time, while the absolute number of votes for this party increases. At the same time we find increasing voting activity in the suburban ring. The changing electoral behaviour can be regarded as an indicator of a growing ethnic identity. The voting results also identify the zones of the most intense changes in the electoral behavior and thus indicate areas of potential social tensions between two ethnic groups.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 7012.

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Length: 20 pages
Date of creation: Nov 2012
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp7012

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Related research

Keywords: suburbanisation; ethnicity; conflict; voting behaviour; electoral data; Lithuania;

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  1. Halla, Martin & Wagner, Alexander F & Zweimüller, Josef, 2012. "Does Immigration Into Their Neighborhoods Incline Voters Toward the Extreme Right? The Case of the Freedom Party of Austria," CEPR Discussion Papers 9102, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  2. Andrew E.G. Jonas & Kevin Ward, 2007. "Introduction to a Debate on City-Regions: New Geographies of Governance, Democracy and Social Reproduction," International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 31(1), pages 169-178, 03.
  3. Stanaitis Saulius & Česnavičius Darius, 2010. "Dynamics of National Composition of Vilnius Population in the 2nd Half of the 20th Century," Bulletin of Geography. Socio-economic Series, De Gruyter Open, vol. 13(13), pages 31-44, January.
  4. Charles S. Bullock & M. V. Hood, 2006. "A Mile-Wide Gap: The Evolution of Hispanic Political Emergence in the Deep South," Social Science Quarterly, Southwestern Social Science Association, vol. 87(s1), pages 1117-1135.
  5. Bertaud, Alain & Renaud, Bertrand, 1997. "Socialist Cities without Land Markets," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 41(1), pages 137-151, January.
  6. Charles S. Bullock & M. V. Hood, 2006. "A Mile-Wide Gap: The Evolution of Hispanic Political Emergence in the Deep South," Social Science Quarterly, Southwestern Social Science Association, vol. 87(5), pages 1117-1135.
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