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Childcare, Eldercare, and Labor Force Participation of Married Women in Urban China: 1982 - 2000

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Author Info

  • Maurer-Fazio, Margaret

    ()
    (Bates College)

  • Connelly, Rachel

    ()
    (Bowdoin College)

  • Lan, Chen

    ()
    (affiliation not available)

  • Tang, Lixin

    ()
    (Bates College)

Abstract

We employ data from the three most recent Chinese population censuses to consider married, urban women's labor force participation decisions in the context of their families and their residential locations. We are particularly interested in how the presence in the household of preschool and school-age children and/or the elderly and disabled affects women's likelihood of engaging in work outside the home. We find that the presence of older people in the household (any parent or parent-in-law and any person aged 75 or older) significantly increases prime-age urban women's likelihood of participating in market work and that presence of pre-school age children significantly decreases it. The negative effect on women's labor force participation of having young children in the household (compared to no children in the household) is substantially larger in magnitude for married, migrant women than for married, non-migrant urban residents. This appears to be explained, in part, by the practice of married, female migrants leaving their children in the care of relatives in rural areas in order to facilitate their employment.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 4204.

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Length: 46 pages
Date of creation: Jun 2009
Date of revision:
Publication status: published in: Journal of Human Resources, 2011, 46 (2), 261 - 294
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp4204

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Keywords: migrants; eldercare; childcare; China; labor force participation; population census; urban women;

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Cited by:
  1. Vinod Mishra & Russell Smyth, 2012. "Work Hours in Chinese Enterprises: Evidence From Matched Employer-Employee Data," Development Research Unit Working Paper Series 10-12, Monash University, Department of Economics.
  2. Paula Albuquerque & José Passos, 2010. "Grandparents and women's participation in the labor market," Working Papers Department of Economics 2010/16, ISEG - School of Economics and Management, Department of Economics, University of Lisbon.
  3. C.Y. Cyrus Chu & Seik Kim & Wen-Jen Tsay, 2012. "Coresidence with Husband's Parents, Labor Supply, and Duration to First Birth," Working Papers UWEC-2012-04, University of Washington, Department of Economics.
  4. Jacek Rothert & Amanda Michaud, 2011. "Optimal Borrowing Constraints and Growth in a Small Open Economy," Department of Economics Working Papers 130225, The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Economics, revised Feb 2013.
  5. Giles, John & Wang, Dewen & Cai, Wei, 2011. "The labor supply and retirement behavior of China's older workers and elderly in comparative perspective," Policy Research Working Paper Series 5853, The World Bank.
  6. He, Xiaobo & Zhu, Rong, 2013. "Fertility and Female Labor Force Participation: Causal Evidence from Urban China," MPRA Paper 44552, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  7. Bjorn Gustafsson & Sai Ding, 2011. "Unemployment and the Rising Number of Non-Workers in Urban China: Causes and Distributional Consequences," University of Western Ontario, CIBC Centre for Human Capital and Productivity Working Papers 201117, University of Western Ontario, CIBC Centre for Human Capital and Productivity.
  8. Drinkwater, Stephen, 2011. "Informal Caring and Labour Market Outcomes Within England and Wales," IZA Discussion Papers 5877, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  9. Christine Ho, 2013. "Grandchild Care, Intergenerational Transfers, and Grandparents’ Labor Supply," Working Papers 06-2013, Singapore Management University, School of Economics.
  10. Karaoglan, Deniz & Okten, Cagla, 2012. "Labor Force Participation of Married Women in Turkey: Is There an Added or a Discouraged Worker Effect?," IZA Discussion Papers 6616, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).

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