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Earnings Inequality in Europe: Structure and Patterns of Inter-Temporal Changes

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  • Cholezas, Ioannis

    ()
    (University of Peloponnese)

  • Tsakloglou, Panos

    ()
    (Athens University of Economics and Business)

Abstract

The paper provides an analysis of the level, the structure and the patterns of inter-temporal change in hourly earnings inequality in Europe. For the purposes of static inequality decomposition analysis, the data of the ECHP are employed. Considerable cross-country differences are observed across the EU regarding both the level and the structure of earnings inequality. In most countries, of the four factors examined (education, age, sex and sector of employment), education and, to a lesser extent, age are found to be most closely associated with inequality. For the purposes of inequality trend decomposition analysis national data sets for eight European countries are utilised. The results show that in most countries the main factor behind the observed changes in earnings inequality was changes in inequality “within groups” irrespective of the partitioning criterion used, while the effect of changes in group mean earnings was negligible. Finally, changes in the composition of wage and salary earners regarding the four aforementioned factors (education, age, sex and sector of employment) had a relatively large, but not uniform across countries, effect only in a few countries and mainly when the partitioning factor is education.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 2636.

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Length: 38 pages
Date of creation: Feb 2007
Date of revision:
Publication status: published in: P. Dolton, R. Asplund and E. Barth (eds), Education and Inequality across Europe, Edward Elgar, Cheltenham: 2009, 122-146
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp2636

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Keywords: Europe; earnings inequality;

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. SOLOGON Denisa & O?DONOGHUE Cathal, 2010. "Earnings dynamics and inequality in the EU, 1994-2001," CEPS/INSTEAD Working Paper Series 2010-34, CEPS/INSTEAD.
  2. Antonczyk, Dirk & Fitzenberger, Bernd & Sommerfeld, Katrin, 2010. "Rising Wage Inequality, the Decline of Collective Bargaining, and the Gender Wage Gap," IZA Discussion Papers 4911, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  3. Ronald Bachmann & Peggy Bechara & Sandra Schaffner, 2012. "Wage Inequality and Wage Mobility in Europe," Ruhr Economic Papers 0386, Rheinisch-Westfälisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Universität Dortmund, Universität Duisburg-Essen.
  4. Budria, Santiago & Telhado-Pereira, Pedro, 2005. "Educational Qualifications and Wage Inequality: Evidence for Europe," MPRA Paper 91, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  5. World Bank, 2013. "Georgia : Skills Mismatch and Unemployment, Labor Market Challenges," World Bank Other Operational Studies 15985, The World Bank.
  6. Ayal Kimhi & Moran Sandel, 2011. "Religious Schooling, Secular Schooling, and Household Income Inequality in Israel," Working Papers 29, AlmaLaurea Inter-University Consortium.
  7. Peter J. Lambert, 2007. "Positional equity and equal sacrifice: design principles for an EU-wide income tax?," Working Papers 0706, University of Otago, Department of Economics, revised Apr 2007.

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