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Estimating and Forecasting GARCH Volatility in the Presence of Outiers

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Author Info

  • M. Angeles Carnero

    ()
    (Universidad de Alicante)

  • Daniel Peña

    ()
    (Universidad Carlos III de Madrid)

  • Esther Ruiz

    ()
    (Universidad Carlos III de Madrid)

Abstract

The main goal when fitting GARCH models to conditionally heteroscedastic time series is to estimate the underlying volatilities. It is well known that outliers affect the estimation of the GARCH parameters. However, little is known about their effects when estimating volatilities. In this paper, we show that when estimating the volatility by using Maximum Likelihood estimates of the parameters, the biases incurred can be very large even if estimated parameters have small biases. Consequently, we propose to use robust procedures. In particular, a simple robust estimator of the parameters is proposed and shown that its properties are comparable with other more complicated ones available in the literature. The properties of the estimated and predicted volatilities obtained by using robust filters based on robust parameter estimates are analyzed. All the results are illustrated using daily S&P500 and IBEX35 returns.

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File URL: http://www.ivie.es/downloads/docs/wpasad/wpasad-2008-13.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Económicas, S.A. (Ivie) in its series Working Papers. Serie AD with number 2008-13.

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Length: 22 pages
Date of creation: Oct 2008
Date of revision:
Publication status: Published by Ivie
Handle: RePEc:ivi:wpasad:2008-13

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Keywords: Heteroscedasticity; M-estimator; QML estimator; Robustness; Financial Markets;

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  1. M. Angeles Carnero & Daniel Peña & Esther Ruiz, 2007. "Effects of outliers on the identification and estimation of GARCH models," Journal of Time Series Analysis, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 28(4), pages 471-497, 07.
  2. Grossi Luigi, 2004. "Analyzing Financial Time Series through Robust Estimators," Studies in Nonlinear Dynamics & Econometrics, De Gruyter, vol. 8(2), pages 1-15, May.
  3. Liang Peng, 2003. "Least absolute deviations estimation for ARCH and GARCH models," Biometrika, Biometrika Trust, vol. 90(4), pages 967-975, December.
  4. Fiorentini, Gabriele & Sentana, Enrique & Calzolari, Giorgio, 2003. "Maximum Likelihood Estimation and Inference in Multivariate Conditionally Heteroscedastic Dynamic Regression Models with Student t Innovations," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, vol. 21(4), pages 532-46, October.
  5. van Dijk, D.J.C. & Franses, Ph.H.B.F. & Lucas, A., 1996. "Testing for ARCH in the Presence of Additive Outliers," Econometric Institute Research Papers EI 9659-/A, Erasmus University Rotterdam, Erasmus School of Economics (ESE), Econometric Institute.
  6. Jurgen Doornik & Marius Ooms, 2005. "Outlier Detection in GARCH Models," Economics Series Working Papers 2005-W24, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
  7. Whitney K. Newey & Douglas G. Steigerwald, 1997. "Asymptotic Bias for Quasi-Maximum-Likelihood Estimators in Conditional Heteroskedasticity Models," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 65(3), pages 587-600, May.
  8. Bollerslev, Tim, 1987. "A Conditionally Heteroskedastic Time Series Model for Speculative Prices and Rates of Return," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 69(3), pages 542-47, August.
  9. Charles, Amelie & Darne, Olivier, 2006. "Large shocks and the September 11th terrorist attacks on international stock markets," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 23(4), pages 683-698, July.
  10. Karanasos, Menelaos & Kim, Jinki, 2006. "A re-examination of the asymmetric power ARCH model," Journal of Empirical Finance, Elsevier, vol. 13(1), pages 113-128, January.
  11. Park, Beum-Jo, 2002. "An Outlier Robust GARCH Model and Forecasting Volatility of Exchange Rate Returns," Journal of Forecasting, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 21(5), pages 381-93, August.
  12. Shinichi Sakata & Halbert White, 1998. "High Breakdown Point Conditional Dispersion Estimation with Application to S&P 500 Daily Returns Volatility," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 66(3), pages 529-568, May.
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Cited by:
  1. Aurea Grané & Helena Veiga, 2010. "Outliers in Garch models and the estimation of risk measures," Statistics and Econometrics Working Papers ws100502, Universidad Carlos III, Departamento de Estadística y Econometría.

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