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Rasch Model and Multidimensional Poverty Measurement

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  • Fusco, Alessio

    (CEPS/INSTEAD)

  • Dickes, Paul

    (Université de Nancy II)

Abstract

The topic of the multidimensionality of poverty is currently at the heart of many theoretical, empirical and institutional debates in the European Union. Despite this increasing interest, there seems to be no consensus on how to define and measure multidimensional poverty. Two aspects may be considered in measuring poverty: the number of dimensions and the nature of the underlying continuum. The question of the dimensionality of poverty, one versus many dimensions, has to be resolved in applying specific multidimensional methods, like factor analysis, where the one-dimensional solution is a special case of the multidimensional procedure. The question of the nature of the continuum concerns the relationship between the items in each dimension. Two kinds of relationship are considered here: homogeneous and hierarchical. In this paper, the interest of the Rasch model for verifying the hierarchical and cumulative nature of the relationship between the items is underlined. After presenting the main characteristics of the model, and its adjustment for testing poverty, an application confirming the multidimensional nature of poverty is performed on a Luxemburgish dataset (PSELL-3).

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by IRISS at CEPS/INSTEAD in its series IRISS Working Paper Series with number 2006-02.

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Length: 19 pages
Date of creation: May 2006
Date of revision:
Publication status: Forthcoming in Quantitative Approach to Multidimensional Poverty Measurement, edited by Nanak Kakwani and Jacques Silber, Palgrave Macmillan, 2007
Handle: RePEc:irs:iriswp:2006-02

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Keywords: multidimensional poverty ; Rasch model ; accumulation of disadvantages;

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References

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  1. Heffernan, Catherine Mary, 2005. "Gender, Cohabitation and Martial Dissolution: Are changes in Irish family composition typical of European countries?," IRISS Working Paper Series 2005-03, IRISS at CEPS/INSTEAD.
  2. Voynov, Ivan, 2005. "Household Income Composition and Household Goods," IRISS Working Paper Series 2005-02, IRISS at CEPS/INSTEAD.
  3. Pérez-Mayo, Jesús, 2004. "Consistent poverty dynamics in Spain," IRISS Working Paper Series 2004-09, IRISS at CEPS/INSTEAD.
  4. Kwiatkowska-Ciotucha, Dorota & Zaluska, Urszula, 2005. "Job Satisfaction as an Assessment Criterion of Labor Market Policy Efficiency. Lesson for Poland from International Experience," IRISS Working Paper Series 2005-04, IRISS at CEPS/INSTEAD.
  5. Vincent Hildebrand & Philippe Van Kerm, 2005. "Income Inequality and Self-Rated Health Status: Evidence from the European Community Household Panel," Social and Economic Dimensions of an Aging Population Research Papers 127, McMaster University.
  6. Verbelen, Bart, 2006. "Is Taking a Pill a Day Good for Health Expenditures? Evidence from a Cross Section Time Series Analysis of 19 OECD Countries from 1970 – 2000," IRISS Working Paper Series 2006-01, IRISS at CEPS/INSTEAD.
  7. Yu, Keming & Van Kerm, Philippe & Zhang, Jin, 2004. "Bayesian quantile regression: An application to the wage distribution in 1990s Britain," IRISS Working Paper Series 2004-10, IRISS at CEPS/INSTEAD.
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Cited by:
  1. Tanova, Cem, 2006. "Using Job Embeddedness Factors to Explain Voluntary Turnover in Five European Countries," IRISS Working Paper Series 2006-04, IRISS at CEPS/INSTEAD.
  2. Sirovatka, Tomas & Valentova, Marie, 2006. "The Legitimacy of Redistribution: the Czech Republic in International Comparison," IRISS Working Paper Series 2006-12, IRISS at CEPS/INSTEAD.
  3. Voicu, Malina & Voicu, Bogdan & Strapcova, Katarina, 2006. "Housework and gender inequality across Europe," IRISS Working Paper Series 2006-11, IRISS at CEPS/INSTEAD.
  4. FAYE Ousmane & BASCHIERI Angela & FALKINGHAM Jane & MUINDI Kanyiva, 2010. "Hunger and Food Insecurity in Nairobi's Slums: An assessment using IRT models'," CEPS/INSTEAD Working Paper Series 2010-33, CEPS/INSTEAD.
  5. Monica Szeles & Alessio Fusco, 2013. "Item response theory and the measurement of deprivation: evidence from Luxembourg data," Quality & Quantity: International Journal of Methodology, Springer, vol. 47(3), pages 1545-1560, April.
  6. Van Kerm, Philippe, 2006. "Comparisons of income mobility profiles," IRISS Working Paper Series 2006-03, IRISS at CEPS/INSTEAD.
  7. Raileanu Szeles, Monica & Fusco, Alessio, 2009. "Item response theory and the measurement of deprivation: Evidence from PSELL-3," IRISS Working Paper Series 2009-05, IRISS at CEPS/INSTEAD.

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