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Housework and gender inequality across Europe

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Author Info

  • Voicu, Malina

    (The Research Institute for Quality of Life (Romanian Academy of Science), Bucharest)

  • Voicu, Bogdan

    (The Research Institute for Quality of Life (Romanian Academy of Science), Bucharest)

  • Strapcova, Katarina

    (The Institute of Sociology, Slovak Academy of Science)

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    Abstract

    The paper focuses on the factors influencing sharing of the domestic work in the European countries. Many of the previous studies have offered the individual level explanations, taking into account only the individual characteristic when predicting the spouses’ contribution to the chores. Using multilevel regression models, we try to combine the individual level factors with the country’s level ones in order to draw the explanatory model for the gendered sharing of housework within the couples, across the European societies. The analysis provides support for most theories that we have tested: the resource theory, the dependency/ bargaining hypothesis are confirmed: in a couple, when one of the partners has more resources or a better status, the other spouse uses relatively more hours for the housework. On the other hand, religious and gender values play an important role: the more secular and more oriented towards gender-equality a couple is in thinking, the more equally the partners share their housework. However, on average, all over the world, women use more hours for housework than men do. The country level indicators seems to be less important, but the more affluent societies, the post-communist ones, the ones where women are more present in the public life, the less materialist ones, and those where Catholicism is not the dominant religion determine a more equalitarian sharing of the housework.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by IRISS at CEPS/INSTEAD in its series IRISS Working Paper Series with number 2006-11.

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    Length: 26 pages
    Date of creation: Nov 2006
    Date of revision:
    Publication status: Published in the European Sociological Review (publisher website)
    Handle: RePEc:irs:iriswp:2006-11

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    Keywords: gender inequality ; housework ; gender regimes ; Europe ; ESS;

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    References

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    1. Paul Makdissi & Stéphane Mussard, 2006. "Decomposition of s-Concentration Curves," Cahiers de recherche 06-21, Departement d'Economique de la Faculte d'administration à l'Universite de Sherbrooke.
    2. repec:ese:iserwp:2006-36 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Williams, Donald R., 2006. "The Economic Returns to Multiple Language Usage in Western Europe," IRISS Working Paper Series 2006-07, IRISS at CEPS/INSTEAD.
    4. Paul Makdissi & Stéphane Mussard, 2006. "Between-Group Transfers and Poverty-Reducing Tax Reforms," Cahiers de recherche 0642, CIRPEE.
    5. Heffernan, Catherine Mary, 2005. "Gender, Cohabitation and Martial Dissolution: Are changes in Irish family composition typical of European countries?," IRISS Working Paper Series 2005-03, IRISS at CEPS/INSTEAD.
    6. Tanova, Cem, 2006. "Using Job Embeddedness Factors to Explain Voluntary Turnover in Five European Countries," IRISS Working Paper Series 2006-04, IRISS at CEPS/INSTEAD.
    7. Voynov, Ivan, 2005. "Household Income Composition and Household Goods," IRISS Working Paper Series 2005-02, IRISS at CEPS/INSTEAD.
    8. Verbelen, Bart, 2006. "Is Taking a Pill a Day Good for Health Expenditures? Evidence from a Cross Section Time Series Analysis of 19 OECD Countries from 1970 – 2000," IRISS Working Paper Series 2006-01, IRISS at CEPS/INSTEAD.
    9. Fusco, Alessio & Dickes, Paul, 2006. "Rasch Model and Multidimensional Poverty Measurement," IRISS Working Paper Series 2006-02, IRISS at CEPS/INSTEAD.
    10. Chiappero-Martinetti, Enrica & Civardi, Marisa, 2006. "Measuring poverty within and between population subgroups," IRISS Working Paper Series 2006-06, IRISS at CEPS/INSTEAD.
    11. Van Kerm, Philippe, 2006. "Comparisons of income mobility profiles," IRISS Working Paper Series 2006-03, IRISS at CEPS/INSTEAD.
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    Cited by:
    1. Stéphane Mussard & Michel Terraza, 2007. "Décompositions des mesures d'inégalité : le cas des coefficients de Gini et d'entropie," Cahiers de recherche 07-09, Departement d'Economique de la Faculte d'administration à l'Universite de Sherbrooke.
    2. Valentova, Marie, 2007. "Attitudes to Family Policy Arrangements in Relation to Attitudes to Family and division of Labour between Genders," IRISS Working Paper Series 2007-05, IRISS at CEPS/INSTEAD.
    3. Sirovatka, Tomas & Valentova, Marie, 2006. "The Legitimacy of Redistribution: the Czech Republic in International Comparison," IRISS Working Paper Series 2006-12, IRISS at CEPS/INSTEAD.
    4. Voicu, Bogdan & Voicu, Malina & Strapcova, Katarina, 2007. "Engendered housework. A cross-european analysis," IRISS Working Paper Series 2007-07, IRISS at CEPS/INSTEAD.
    5. Lilla, Marco, 2007. "Income Inequality and Education Premia," IRISS Working Paper Series 2007-11, IRISS at CEPS/INSTEAD.
    6. Kankarash, Milosh & Moors, Guy, 2007. "Heterogeneity in solidarity attitudes in Europe. Insights from a multiple-group latent-class factor approach," IRISS Working Paper Series 2007-06, IRISS at CEPS/INSTEAD, revised Jun 2007.

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