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Is Museum Performance Affected By Location And Institution Type? Measuring Cultural Institution Efficiency Through Non-Parametric Techniques

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  • Luis César Herrero-Prieto

    ()
    (Institute for International Integration Studies, Trinity College Dublin and Universidad de Valladolid, Spain)

Abstract

The goal of the present work is to evaluate the efficiency of a regional system of museums, taken as an example of cultural institutions. We also explore the impact which certain exogenous factors, such as the institutional management model and location, can have on the efficiency level and the evolution of productivity. A non-parametric approach, Data Envelopment Analysis, is used to measure efficiency in these institutions, and we employ a complex production function embracing a number of inputs and outputs adapted to the various functions which museums fulfil: preservation, research, communication, and exhibition. An empirical analysis of data from a regional system of museums in Spain illustrates this application of the operational research model. The most important findings indicate that at least half the museums chosen operate efficiently. The most efficient museums are those located in urban areas and run by regional administration, rural museums under municipal management not proving so efficient. Quite significant progress is evident in the productivity of the first group of museums, mainly due to improvements in internal efficiency, basically own management of resources in relation to services provided. Contrastingly, as expected, technological change has less impact in these cultural heritage institutions, which prove less receptive to new technologies compared to other cultural industries. Finally, in an effort to enhance the overall efficiency thereof as well as the performance of each individual institution involved, the work seeks to evidence this technique's usefulness in establishing guidelines and offering recommendations concerning the use of resources

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by IIIS in its series The Institute for International Integration Studies Discussion Paper Series with number iiisdp425.

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Length: 30 pages
Date of creation: May 2013
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:iis:dispap:iiisdp425

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Keywords: Efficiency evaluation; cultural institutions; economics of museums; Data Envelopment Analysis; conditional efficiency;

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  1. MAIRESSE, François & VANDEN EECKAUT, Philippe, . "Museum assessment and FDH technology: towards a global approach," CORE Discussion Papers RP -1565, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
  2. Roberto Fazioli & Massimo Filippini, 1997. "Cost Structure and Product Mix of Local Public Theatres," Journal of Cultural Economics, Springer, vol. 21(1), pages 77-86, March.
  3. Witte, Kristof De & Geys, Benny, 2011. "Evaluating efficient public good provision: Theory and evidence from a generalised conditional efficiency model for public libraries," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 69(3), pages 319-327, May.
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  5. Bruno Frey, 1998. "Superstar Museums: An Economic Analysis," Journal of Cultural Economics, Springer, vol. 22(2), pages 113-125, June.
  6. Donald F. Vitaliano, 1998. "Assessing Public Library Efficiency Using Data Envelopment Analysis," Annals of Public and Cooperative Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 69(1), pages 107-122, 03.
  7. Anne-Kathrin Last & Heike Wetzel, 2009. "The Efficiency of German Public Theaters: A Stochastic Frontier Analysis Approach," Working Paper Series in Economics 134, University of Lüneburg, Institute of Economics.
  8. Gapinski, James H, 1980. "The Production of Culture," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 62(4), pages 578-86, November.
  9. Massimo Finocchiaro Castro & Calogero Guccio & Ilde Rizzo, 2011. "Public intervention on heritage conservation and determinants of heritage authorities’ performance: a semi-parametric analysis," International Tax and Public Finance, Springer, vol. 18(1), pages 1-16, February.
  10. Marta Zieba, 2011. "An Analysis of Technical Efficiency and Efficiency Factors for Austrian and Swiss Non-Profit Theatres," Swiss Journal of Economics and Statistics (SJES), Swiss Society of Economics and Statistics (SSES), vol. 147(II), pages 233-274, June.
  11. Charnes, A. & Cooper, W. W. & Rhodes, E., 1978. "Measuring the efficiency of decision making units," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 2(6), pages 429-444, November.
  12. Antonella Basso & Stefania Funari, 2004. "A Quantitative Approach to Evaluate the Relative Efficiency of Museums," Journal of Cultural Economics, Springer, vol. 28(3), pages 195-216, August.
  13. Paul Bishop & Steven Brand, 2003. "The efficiency of museums: a stochastic frontier production function approach," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 35(17), pages 1853-1858.
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