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Políticas macro y problemas del empleo en América Latina

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  • Eduardo Lora

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  • Mauricio Olivera

Abstract

(Disponible en idioma inglés únicamente) Este trabajo fue preparado para la IIC Asamblea anual del BID en 1998, titulada: El empleo en América Latina: ¿cuál es el problema y hay que resolverlo o no?, que tuvo lugar en la ciudad colombiana de Cartagena en marzo de 1998. Los problemas del empleo han persistido en América Latina a despecho de la estabilización macroeconómica y las reformas estructurales. En los años 90 se produjo una disminución del ritmo de creación de empleos y los niveles de desempleo se estancaron alrededor del 10%. El empleo en el sector informal creció y los trabajadores calificados han gozado de un aumento del salario real especialmente favorable. Los ciclos económicos son la razón de las fluctuaciones en los niveles de empleo y desempleo, mientras que la estabilización de precios y las reformas estructurales han incidido en la composición de la demanda laboral y los salarios relativos.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department in its series Research Department Publications with number 4117.

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Date of creation: Mar 1998
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Handle: RePEc:idb:wpaper:4117

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