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Exporter and Non-Exporter Productivity Differentials: Evidence from Australian Manufacturing Establishments

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  • Alfons Palangkaraya

    ()
    (Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research, The University of Melbourne)

  • Jongsay Yong

    ()
    (Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research, The University of Melbourne)

Abstract

We study the link between exporting and productivity using unpublished establishment level data of the Australian manufacturing from 1994 to 2000. We find there is significant difference in the first moment as well as the whole distribution of productivity between exporters and non-exporters. At the mean level, the average productivity differentials between Australian exporters and non-exporters are comparable to that of, for examples, the United States, Germany, or Taiwan. More importantly, as also found in almost all other countries, we find that the bigger and more productive firms appear to self-select into the export market. In addition, we also find that a higher intensity and longer period of export market exposure is associated with a higher level of productivity, indicating a possible learning-by-exporting effect. JEL Classification: D21; F21

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research, The University of Melbourne in its series Melbourne Institute Working Paper Series with number wp2007n04.

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Length: 25 pages
Date of creation: Feb 2007
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:iae:iaewps:wp2007n04

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Keywords: Productivity; Exports; Australia; Manufacturing; Establishment; Exit; Employment.;

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  1. Sofronis Clerides & Saul Lach & James Tybout, 1996. "Is "Learning-by-Exporting" Important? Micro-Dynamic Evidence from Colombia, Mexico and Morocco," NBER Working Papers 5715, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Hopenhayn, Hugo A, 1992. "Entry, Exit, and Firm Dynamics in Long Run Equilibrium," Econometrica, Econometric Society, Econometric Society, vol. 60(5), pages 1127-50, September.
  3. Good, D. & Nadiri, M.I. & Sickles, R., 1996. "Index Number and Factor Demand Approaches to the Estimarion of Productivity," Working Papers, C.V. Starr Center for Applied Economics, New York University 96-34, C.V. Starr Center for Applied Economics, New York University.
  4. Andrew B. Bernard & Joachim Wagner, 1998. "Export Entry and Exit by German Firms," NBER Working Papers 6538, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Subodh Kumar & R. Robert Russell, 2002. "Technological Change, Technological Catch-up, and Capital Deepening: Relative Contributions to Growth and Convergence," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 92(3), pages 527-548, June.
  6. David Greenaway & Richard Kneller, 2007. "Firm heterogeneity, exporting and foreign direct investment," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, Royal Economic Society, vol. 117(517), pages F134-F161, 02.
  7. Joachim Wagner, 2005. "Exports and Productivity: A Survey of the Evidence fro Firm Level Data," International Trade, EconWPA 0504005, EconWPA.
  8. Bernard, A., 1997. "Exceptional Exporter Performance: Cause, Effect, or Both?," Working papers 97-21, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Department of Economics.
  9. Aw, Bee Yan & Chung, Sukkyun & Roberts, Mark J, 2000. "Productivity and Turnover in the Export Market: Micro-level Evidence from the Republic of Korea and Taiwan (China)," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, World Bank Group, vol. 14(1), pages 65-90, January.
  10. Owen Gabbitas & Paul Gretton, 2003. "Firm size and export performance: some empirical evidence," International Trade, EconWPA 0304003, EconWPA.
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Cited by:
  1. Alfons Palangkaraya, 2013. "On the Relationship between Innovation and Export: The Case of Australian SMEs," Melbourne Institute Working Paper Series, Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research, The University of Melbourne wp2013n04, Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research, The University of Melbourne.
  2. Alfons PALANGKARAYA, 2012. "The Link between Innovation and Export: Evidence from Australiafs Small and Medium Enterprises," Working Papers, Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA) DP-2012-08, Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA).

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