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Child Nutrition And Multiple Equilibria In The Human Capital Transition Function

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  • Berta Rivera

    ()
    (Fundación Escuela Gallega de Administración Sanitaria)

  • Luis Currais

    (University of A Coruña,)

  • Paolo Rungo

    (University of A Coruña)

Abstract

. An overlapping generation model has been developed in order to analyze the effects of health on the accumulation and intergenerational transmission of human capital. The model shows that the human capital transition function can provide multiple steady states when it is assumed that returns to education are an increasing function of child nutrition. Depending on the initial endowment of human capital, dynasties may find themselves trapped in vicious circle of low human capital, poor health status and high fertility rates. Moreover, human capital could converge to different equilibria depending on child nutrition, regardless of the length of schooling.

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Paper provided by Instituto de Estudios Fiscales in its series Working Papers with number 21-06 Classification-JEL : O10; O15; I12; I32..

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Handle: RePEc:hpe:wpaper:y:2006:i:21

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Keywords: Human Capital Transmission; Child Nutrition; Overlapping Generations.;

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  1. Bloom, David E. & Canning, David & Sevilla, Jaypee, 2004. "The Effect of Health on Economic Growth: A Production Function Approach," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 32(1), pages 1-13, January.
  2. Moshe Hazan & Binyamin Berdugo, 2005. "Child Labor, Fertility and Economic Growth," Development and Comp Systems 0507002, EconWPA.
  3. Bhargava, Alok & Jamison, Dean T. & Lau, Lawrence J. & Murray, Christopher J. L., 2001. "Modeling the effects of health on economic growth," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 20(3), pages 423-440, May.
  4. Miguel Ángel López García, . "La Vivienda Y La Reforma Fiscal De 1998: Un Ejercicio De Simulación(*)," Working Papers 7-04 Classification-JEL :, Instituto de Estudios Fiscales.
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  6. Mayer, David, 2001. "The Long-Term Impact of Health on Economic Growth in Latin America," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 29(6), pages 1025-1033, June.
  7. Galor, Oded, 1996. "Convergence? Inferences from Theoretical Models," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 106(437), pages 1056-69, July.
  8. Glewwe, Paul & Jacoby, Hanan G. & King, Elizabeth M., 2001. "Early childhood nutrition and academic achievement: a longitudinal analysis," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 81(3), pages 345-368, September.
  9. Fidel Picos Sánchez, . "Modelo Dual De Irpf Y Equidad: Un Nuevo Enfoque Teórico Y Su Aplicación Al Caso Español," Working Papers 8-04 Classification-JEL :, Instituto de Estudios Fiscales.
  10. T. Paul Schultz, 1999. "Health and Schooling Investments in Africa," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 13(3), pages 67-88, Summer.
  11. Sahn, David E. & Alderman, Harold, 1988. "The effects of human capital on wages, and the determinants of labor supply in a developing country," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 29(2), pages 157-183, September.
  12. José María Arranz & Carlos García-Serrano, . "¿Qué Ha Sucedido Con La Estabilidad Del Empleo En España?. Un Análisis Desagregado Con Datos De La Epa: 1987-2003(*)," Working Papers 4-04 Classification-JEL :, Instituto de Estudios Fiscales.
  13. T. Paul Schultz, 1999. "Health and Schooling Investments in Africa," Working Papers 801, Economic Growth Center, Yale University.
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