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Primate Evidence on the Late Health Effects of Early Life Adversity

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Author Info

  • Gabriella Conti

    ()
    (University of Chicago, Harris School of Public Policy Studies)

  • Christopher Hansman

    ()
    (Columbia University)

  • James J. Heckman

    ()
    (University of Chicago)

  • Matthew F. X. Novak

    ()
    (Central Oregon Community College)

  • Angela Ruggiero

    (NICHD)

  • Stephen J. Suomi

    ()
    (NICHD)

Abstract

This paper exploits a unique ongoing experiment to analyze the effects of early rearing conditions on physical and mental health in a sample of rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta). We analyze the health records of 231 monkeys which were randomly allocated at birth across three rearing conditions: Mother Rearing, Peer Rearing, and Surrogate Peer Rearing. We show that the lack of a secure attachment relationship in the early years engendered by adverse rearing conditions has detrimental long-term effects on health which are not compensated by a normal social environment later in life.

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File URL: http://humcap.uchicago.edu/RePEc/hka/wpaper/Conti_Hansman_etal_2012_primate-evidence.pdf
File Function: First version, April 10, 2012
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Human Capital and Economic Opportunity Working Group in its series Working Papers with number 2012-008.

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Date of creation: Apr 2012
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Handle: RePEc:hka:wpaper:2012-008

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Keywords: rhesus monkeys; health; maternal behavior; social deprivation;

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References

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  1. Heckman, James J. & Moon, Seong Hyeok & Pinto, Rodrigo & Savelyev, Peter & Yavitz, Adam, 2010. "Analyzing Social Experiments as Implemented: A Reexamination of the Evidence from the HighScope Perry Preschool Program," IZA Discussion Papers 5095, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  2. Joseph Romano & Michael Wolf, 2003. "Exact and approximate stepdown methods for multiple hypothesis testing," Economics Working Papers 727, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra.
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Cited by:
  1. James J. Heckman & Stefano Mosso, 2014. "The Economics of Human Development and Social Mobility," Working Papers 2014-004, Human Capital and Economic Opportunity Working Group.
  2. Anna Aizer & Flávio Cunha, 2012. "The Production of Human Capital: Endowments, Investments and Fertility," NBER Working Papers 18429, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Conti, Gabriella & Heckman, James J., 2012. "The Economics of Child Well-Being," IZA Discussion Papers 6930, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  4. Conti, Gabriella & Heckman, James J., 2012. "The Developmental Approach to Child and Adult Health," IZA Discussion Papers 7060, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  5. Cole, Steven W. & Conti, Gabriella & Arevalo, Jesusa M. & Ruggiero, Angela M. & Heckman, James J. & Suomi, Stephen J., 2012. "Transcriptional Modulation of the Developing Immune System by Early Life Social Adversity," IZA Discussion Papers 6915, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  6. Arnaud Chevalier & Olivier Marie, 2013. "Economic Uncertainty, Parental Selection, and the Criminal Activity of the 'Children of the Wall'," CESifo Working Paper Series 4462, CESifo Group Munich.

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