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Does initial job status affect midlife outcomes and mental health? Evidence from a survey in Japan

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  • Oshio, Takashi
  • Inagaki, Seiichi
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    Abstract

    This article examined how initial job status following graduation affects the midlife outcomes and mental health of Japanese workers, using micro data from a nationwide Internet survey of 3,117 men and 2,818 women aged 30-60. The focus was the impact of initial job status on socioeconomic/marital status and mental health during midlife. It was found that failure to obtain regular employment at graduation raised probabilities of unstable job status throughout one’s life, low household income, unmarried status and psychological distress. The impact of initial job status on current mental health was not fully mediated by current socioeconomic/marital status, particularly for women. Unlike general observations from Europe, this study suggests that unstable initial job status signals a bad start for Japanese workers; it reduces opportunities for future success and has a traumatic effect on mental health.

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    File URL: http://hermes-ir.lib.hit-u.ac.jp/rs/bitstream/10086/25467/1/DP585.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Center for Intergenerational Studies, Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University in its series CIS Discussion paper series with number 585.

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    Length: 31 p.
    Date of creation: Feb 2013
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:hit:cisdps:585

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    Keywords: household income; initial job status; Japan; marital status; psychological distress; unstable job status;

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    1. Esteban-Pretel, Julen & Nakajima, Ryo & Tanaka, Ryuichi, 2011. "Are contingent jobs dead ends or stepping stones to regular jobs? Evidence from a structural estimation," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 18(4), pages 513-526, August.
    2. Paul Ryan, 2001. "The School-to-Work Transition: A Cross-National Perspective," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 39(1), pages 34-92, March.
    3. Bratberg, Espen & Nilsen, Oivind Anti, 2000. " Transitions from School to Work and the Early Labour Market Experience," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 62(0), pages 909-29, Special I.
    4. Kondo, Ayako, 2007. "Does the first job really matter? State dependency in employment status in Japan," Journal of the Japanese and International Economies, Elsevier, vol. 21(3), pages 379-402, September.
    5. Booth, Alison L. & Francesconi, Marco & Frank, Jeff, 2000. "Temporary Jobs: Stepping Stones or Dead Ends?," IZA Discussion Papers 205, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    6. Anna Baranowska & Michael Gebel & Irena E Kotowska, 2011. "The role of fixed-term contracts at labour market entry in Poland: stepping stones, screening devices, traps or search subsidies?," Work, Employment & Society, British Sociological Association, vol. 25(4), pages 777-793, December.
    7. Clark, Robert L & Ogawa, Naohiro, 1992. "Employment Tenure and Earnings Profiles in Japan and the United States: Comment," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 82(1), pages 336-45, March.
    8. David Neumark, 2002. "Youth Labor Markets In The United States: Shopping Around Vs. Staying Put," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 84(3), pages 462-482, August.
    9. Genda, Yuji & Kurosawa, Masako, 2001. "Transition from School to Work in Japan," Journal of the Japanese and International Economies, Elsevier, vol. 15(4), pages 465-488, December.
    10. Takayama, Noriyuki & Inagaki, Seiichi & Oshio, Takashi, 2012. "The Japanese Longitudinal Survey on Employment and Fertility (LOSEF): Essential Features of the 2011 Internet Version and a Guide to Its Users," CIS Discussion paper series 546, Center for Intergenerational Studies, Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University.
    11. Bruno S. Frey & Alois Stutzer, 2001. "What Can Economists Learn from Happiness Research?," CESifo Working Paper Series 503, CESifo Group Munich.
    12. Paul Ryan, 2001. "The School-to-Work Transition: A Cross-National Perspective: Corrigendum," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 39(3), pages 767-767, September.
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