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The Effects of the War in Iraq on Nutrition and Health: An Analysis Using Anthropometric Outcomes of Children

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  • Gabriela Guerrero-Serdán

    ()
    (Royal Holloway College, University of London)

Abstract

The war in Iraq initiated in March 2003 triggered a wave of violence and turmoil in the country, exposing households to insecurity and to instability in daily life. The level of violence has varied across provinces, the south and centre areas being the most affected. Using the different intensities of the conflict across areas and the age at exposure to the war among cohorts, I analyze a possible causal effect of the war on nutritional outcomes of children. I use two empirical strategies, leading to very similar results. Estimates indicate that children born in areas affected by high levels of violence are 0.8 cm shorter than children born in low violence provinces. These results are robust to several specifications. Furthermore, the paper also addresses the channels through which the conflict has affected health and nutrition. The results have not only short-term policy implications, but also, given the empirical evidence of the impact of early child malnutrition on later education, labour and productivity outcomes, the results are of great importance for the future.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Households in Conflict Network in its series HiCN Working Papers with number 55.

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Length: 77 pages
Date of creation: Feb 2009
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:hic:wpaper:55

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Web page: http://www.hicn.org

Related research

Keywords: health; nutrition; shocks; war; children; Iraq;

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References

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Cited by:
  1. Cho, Yoonyoung, 2011. "Informality and protection from health shocks : lessons from Yemen," Policy Research Working Paper Series, The World Bank 5746, The World Bank.
  2. Patricia Justino, 2012. "Nutrition, Governance and Violence: A Framework for the Analysis of Resilience and Vulnerability to Food Insecurity in Contexts of Violent Conflict," HiCN Working Papers, Households in Conflict Network 132, Households in Conflict Network.
  3. Anton Parlow, 2012. "Armed Conflict and Children’s Health – Exploring new directions: The case of Kashmir," HiCN Working Papers, Households in Conflict Network 119, Households in Conflict Network.
  4. Silvia Jarauta Bernal, 2011. "Beyond Coping. Risk Management in the West Bank," Research Working Papers, MICROCON - A Micro Level Analysis of Violent Conflict 42, MICROCON - A Micro Level Analysis of Violent Conflict.
  5. Singh, Prakarsh, 2011. "Impact of terrorism on investment decisions of farmers: evidence from the Punjab insurgency," MPRA Paper 33328, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  6. Patricia Justino & Marinella Leone & Paola Salardi, 2011. "Education and Conflict Recovery: The Case of Timor Leste," HiCN Working Papers, Households in Conflict Network 100, Households in Conflict Network.

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