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Air Quality and Morbidity: Concentration-response Relationships for Sweden

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Author Info

  • Samakovlis, Eva

    ()
    (National Institute of Economic Research)

  • Huhtala, Anni

    ()
    (MTT Economic Research)

  • Bellander, Tom

    ()
    (Department of Environmental Health)

  • Svartengren, Magnus

    ()
    (Department of Public Health Sciences)

Abstract

The study investigates the morbidity impacts of air pollution when pollution may affect both the likelihood and duration of respiratory problems. The relationship between comparatively low pollutant levels and respiratory ailments is estimated using Swedish data, and the change in respiratory-related restricted activity days (RRAD) due to a unit change in NO2 is calculated. The analysis pays particular attention to overdispersion, the high proportion of zero values and the peak in the RRAD distribution, problems that have not been addressed thoroughly in previous studies. Our results suggest that it is a challenging task to set air quality standards for environments where modes increases in pollutant concentrations may significantly prolong respiratory health problems for the most vulnerable individuals.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by National Institute of Economic Research in its series Working Paper with number 87.

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Length: 32 pages
Date of creation: 01 Jan 2004
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:hhs:nierwp:0087

Note: This paper is published as: Samakovlis, Eva, Anni Huhtala, Tom Bellander and Magnus Svartengren (2005)"Valuing health effects of air pollution-Focus on concentration-response-functions", Journal of Urban Economics, 58, pages 230-249.
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Postal: National Institute of Economic Research, P.O. Box 3116, SE-103 62 Stockholm, Sweden
Phone: 46-(0)8-453 59 00
Fax: 46-(0)8-453 59 80
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Web page: http://www.konj.se/
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Keywords: air quality; concentration-response; health; respiratory restricted activity days;

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References

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  1. Anna Alberini & Alan Krupnick, 1997. "Air Pollution and Acute Respiratory Illness: Evidence from Taiwan and Los Angeles," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 79(5), pages 1620-1624.
  2. Leo De Nocker & Stef Vergote & Luc Vinckx & Guido Wouters, 1999. "Marginal External Costs of Peak and Non Peak Urban Transport in Belgium," Working Papers 1999.12, Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei.
  3. Harrington, Winston & Portney, Paul R., 1987. "Valuing the benefits of health and safety regulation," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 22(1), pages 101-112, July.
  4. Cropper, M L, 1981. "Measuring the Benefits from Reduced Morbidity," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 71(2), pages 235-40, May.
  5. Alberini, Anna & Krupnick, Alan, 1998. "Air Quality and Episodes of Acute Respiratory Illness in Taiwan Cities: Evidence from Survey Data," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 44(1), pages 68-92, July.
  6. Krupnick, Alan J. & Harrington, Winston & Ostro, Bart, 1990. "Ambient ozone and acute health effects: Evidence from daily data," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 18(1), pages 1-18, January.
  7. Ostro, Bart D., 1983. "The effects of air pollution on work loss and morbidity," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 10(4), pages 371-382, December.
  8. Jerry A. Hausman & Bart D. Ostro & David A. Wise, 1984. "Air Pollution and Lost Work," NBER Working Papers 1263, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  9. Alberini, Anna & Cropper, Maureen & Fu, Tsu-Tan & Krupnick, Alan & Liu, Jin-Tan & Shaw, Daigee & Harrington, Winston, 1997. "Valuing Health Effects of Air Pollution in Developing Countries: The Case of Taiwan," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 34(2), pages 107-126, October.
  10. Ståle Navrud, 2001. "Valuing Health Impacts from Air Pollution in Europe," Environmental & Resource Economics, European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 20(4), pages 305-329, December.
  11. Anett Hansen & Harald Selte, 2000. "Air Pollution and Sick-leaves," Environmental & Resource Economics, European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 16(1), pages 31-50, May.
  12. Ostro, Bart D., 1987. "Air pollution and morbidity revisited: A specification test," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 14(1), pages 87-98, March.
  13. Portney, Paul R. & Mullahy, John, 1986. "Urban air quality and acute respiratory illness," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 20(1), pages 21-38, July.
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Cited by:
  1. Östblom, Göran & Samakovlis, Eva, 2004. "Costs of Climate Policy when Pollution Affects Health and Labour Productivity. A general Equilibrium Analysis Applied to Sweden," Working Paper 93, National Institute of Economic Research.

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