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Employment, transport infrastructure and rural depopulation: a new spatial equilibrium model

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Author Info

  • McArthur, David Philip

    ()
    (Dept. of Health Management and Health Economics, University of Oslo)

  • Thorsen, Inge

    ()
    (Dept. of Economics, Stord/Haugesund University College)

  • Ubøe, Jan

    ()
    (Dept. of Business and Management Science, Norwegian School of Economics)

Abstract

In this paper we propose a new spatial equilibrium model, and use it to discuss issues related to rural depopulation. The discussion focuses on how investments in transport infrastructure and the spatial distribution of basic sector jobs can promote a relatively balanced growth of peripheral and central areas of a region. Through interdependencies in individual migration decisions and an economic base multiplier mechanism, negative exogenous shocks may take a peripheral zone beyond a bifurcation point, into an equilibrium of dramatically lower population and employment. We study how the location of bifurcation points depend on spatial interaction behavioural parameters and variables subject to regional policy. We also discuss the issue of the timing of interventions intended to prevent a process of rural depopulation.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Department of Business and Management Science, Norwegian School of Economics in its series Discussion Papers with number 2013/9.

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Length: 29 pages
Date of creation: 16 Sep 2013
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:hhs:nhhfms:2013_009

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Postal: NHH, Department of Business and Management Science, Helleveien 30, N-5045 Bergen, Norway
Phone: +47 55 95 92 93
Fax: +47 55 95 96 50
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Web page: http://www.nhh.no/en/research-faculty/department-of-business-and-management-science.aspx
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Keywords: Employment; transport infrastructure; rural depopulation; spatial equilibrium model;

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  1. Mark D. Partridge & Kamar Ali & M. Rose Olfert, 2010. "Rural-to-Urban Commuting: Three Degrees of Integration," Growth and Change, Gatton College of Business and Economics, University of Kentucky, vol. 41(2), pages 303-335.
  2. Arnstein Gjestland & Inge Thorsen & Jan Ubøe, 2006. "Some aspects of the intraregional spatial distribution of local sector activities," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer, vol. 40(3), pages 559-582, August.
  3. Krugman, Paul, 1991. "Increasing Returns and Economic Geography," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 99(3), pages 483-99, June.
  4. Kevin Krizek, 2003. "Neighborhood services, trip purpose, and tour-based travel," Transportation, Springer, vol. 30(4), pages 387-410, November.
  5. Handy, Susan L., 1992. "Regional Versus Local Accessibility: Neo-Traditional Development and Its Implications for Non-work Travel," University of California Transportation Center, Working Papers qt7gs0p1nc, University of California Transportation Center.
  6. Kent Eliasson & Urban Lindgren & Olle Westerlund, 2003. "Geographical Labour Mobility: Migration or Commuting?," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 37(8), pages 827-837.
  7. Glenn, Paul & Thorsen, Inge & Ubøe, Jan, 2004. "Wage payoffs and distance deterrence in the journey to work," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 38(9), pages 853-867, November.
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