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Pollution Decay, Consumer Awareness and Optimal Carbon Taxes

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  • Sandal, Leif Kristoffer

    ()
    (Dept. of Finance and Management Science, Norwegian School of Economics and Business Administration)

  • Steinshamn, Stein Ivar

    ()
    (Centre for Fisheries Economics, Institute for Research in Economics and Business Administration (SNF))

Abstract

The effects of non-linear decay and consumer preferences are analyzed in a setting where optimal extraction of non-renewable resources is combined with stock externalities. The control is exercised via a corrective tax and the time horizon is divided into two periods: an initial phase with extraction and a terminal phase without extraction. The time horizon with extraction is determined endogenously. The model does not assume separability of the objective function. Sensitivity results indicate large differences in the optimal extraction period, the total level of extraction and cumulative emissions depending on the form of the decay function and the presence of consumers’ awareness for the environment.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Department of Business and Management Science, Norwegian School of Economics in its series Discussion Papers with number 2004/7.

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Length: 31 pages
Date of creation: 01 Jun 2004
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:hhs:nhhfms:2004_007

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Fax: +47 55 95 96 50
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Web page: http://www.nhh.no/en/research-faculty/department-of-business-and-management-science.aspx
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Related research

Keywords: Global warming; fossil fuel extraction; dynamic optimisation;

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  1. Withagen, Cees, 1994. "Pollution and exhaustibility of fossil fuels," Resource and Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 16(3), pages 235-242, August.
  2. Wirl Franz, 1994. "Pigouvian Taxation of Energy for Flow and Stock Externalities and Strategic, Noncompetitive Energy Pricing," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 26(1), pages 1-18, January.
  3. Franz Wirl, 1995. "The exploitation of fossil fuels under the threat of global warming and carbon taxes: A dynamic game approach," Environmental & Resource Economics, European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 5(4), pages 333-352, June.
  4. Nordhaus, William, 1982. "How Fast Should We Graze the Global Commons?," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 72(2), pages 242-46, May.
  5. Ulph, Alistair & Ulph, David, 1994. "The Optimal Time Path of a Carbon Tax," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 46(0), pages 857-68, Supplemen.
  6. van der Zwaan, B. C. C. & Gerlagh, R. & G. & Klaassen & Schrattenholzer, L., 2002. "Endogenous technological change in climate change modelling," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 24(1), pages 1-19, January.
  7. Hoel, Michael & Kverndokk, Snorre, 1996. "Depletion of fossil fuels and the impacts of global warming," Resource and Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 18(2), pages 115-136, June.
  8. Wirl, Franz, 1994. "Global warming and carbon taxes: Dynamic and strategic interactions between energy consumers and producers," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 16(6), pages 577-596, December.
  9. Pizer, William A., 2002. "Combining price and quantity controls to mitigate global climate change," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 85(3), pages 409-434, September.
  10. Farzin, Y. H., 1996. "Optimal pricing of environmental and natural resource use with stock externalities," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 62(1-2), pages 31-57, October.
  11. Farzin, Y H & Tahvonen, O, 1996. "Global Carbon Cycle and the Optimal Time Path of a Carbon Tax," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 48(4), pages 515-36, October.
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