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Habit Formation in the Environmental Quality: Dynamic Optimal Environmental Taxation

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Author Info

  • Löfgren, Åsa

    (Department of Economics, School of Economics and Commercial Law, Göteborg University)

Abstract

In this article we propose a model in which individuals experience habit formation in environmental quality. Further, a consumption good causes a negative external effect on the environment.The intertemporal utility of a benevolent social planner depends on consumption of two goods and the environment. Hence, the choice of the social planner is to maximize utility given the negative effect of the consumption good on the environment,taking into account that there is habit formation in environmental quality. Given a simple model we show that the level and time path of the optimal tax is affected by the assumption of habit formation; more specifically the stronger the habit, the higher the optimal level of environmental quality in steady state, and the faster the transition towards the steady state tax level. Furthermore the initial value of the habit stock is of crucial importance for the time path of the tax. Also, we solve for, and analyze, dynamics and the existence and characteristics of equilibria in the model and discuss how the characteristics of the habit formation affect steady state.

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File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/2077/2800
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University of Gothenburg, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers in Economics with number 92.

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Length: 30 pages
Date of creation: 12 Mar 2003
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:hhs:gunwpe:0092

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Postal: Department of Economics, School of Business, Economics and Law, University of Gothenburg, Box 640, SE 405 30 GÖTEBORG, Sweden
Phone: 031-773 10 00
Web page: http://www.handels.gu.se/econ/
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Keywords: Habit formation; environment; intertemporal choice; transitional dynamics;

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References

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  1. Boyer, Marcel, 1983. "Rational demand and expenditures patterns under habit formation," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 31(1), pages 27-53, October.
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  8. Smulders, J.A. & Gradus, R.H.J.M., 1993. "The trade-off between environmental care and long-term growth: Pollution in three proto-type growth models," Open Access publications from Tilburg University urn:nbn:nl:ui:12-153405, Tilburg University.
  9. Jhy-yuan Shieh & Ching-chong Lai & Wen-ya Chang, 2000. "Addictive behavior and endogenous growth," Journal of Economics, Springer, vol. 72(3), pages 263-273, October.
  10. Pollak, Robert A., 1976. "Habit formation and long-run utility functions," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 13(2), pages 272-297, October.
  11. Christophe Deissenberg, Gustav Feichtinger, Willi Semmler and Franz Wirl, 2001. "History Dependence and Global Dynamics in Models with Multiple Equilibria," Computing in Economics and Finance 2001 257, Society for Computational Economics.
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Cited by:
  1. Akpalu, Wisdom & Parks, Peter J., 2005. "Natural Resource use Conflict: Gold Mining in Tropical Rainforest in Ghana," Working Papers in Economics 182, University of Gothenburg, Department of Economics.
  2. Masako Ikefuji, 2008. "Habit formation in an endogenous growth model with pollution abatement activities," Journal of Economics, Springer, vol. 94(3), pages 241-259, September.

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