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The inventor's role: was Schumpeter right?

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  • Braunerhjelm, Pontus

    ()
    (CESIS - Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies, Royal Institute of Technology)

  • Svensson, Roger

    (Research Institute of Industrial Economics)

Abstract

According to Schumpeter, the creative process of economic development can be divided into three distinguishable stages of invention, innovation (commercialization) and imitation. We show why there is a rationale for the Schumpeterian entrepreneur to also include the inventor in the innovation process. In addition, we provide a framework where the theories of Knight’s risk defining entrepreneur and Schumpeter’s innovative entrepreneur can be bridged. Merging the two enhances the possibilities of successful commercialization since the inventor may further adapt the innovation to customer needs, transmit information and reduce uncertainty. This serves to expand the market opportunities for the entrepreneur. The empirical analysis is based on a survey covering Swedish patents granted to individuals and small firms, with a response rate of 80 %. The results show improved commercialization performance when the patent is licensed or sold to an entrepreneur, or if the inventor is employed in an entrepreneurial firm, as compared to commercialization in the inventor’s own firm. Another important result is that, irrespective of commercialization mode, an active involvement of the inventor is shown to have a positive impact on performance.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Royal Institute of Technology, CESIS - Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies in its series Working Paper Series in Economics and Institutions of Innovation with number 78.

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Length: 32 pages
Date of creation: 17 Jan 2007
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:hhs:cesisp:0078

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Postal: CESIS - Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies, Royal Institute of Technology, SE-100 44 Stockholm, Sweden
Phone: +46 8 790 95 63
Web page: http://www.infra.kth.se/cesis/
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Keywords: Entrepreneur; inventor; innovations; commercialization;

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References

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Cited by:
  1. Färnstrand Damsgaard, Erika & Thursby, Marie, 2012. "University Entrepreneurship and Professor Privilege," Working Paper Series 909, Research Institute of Industrial Economics, revised 12 Apr 2012.
  2. Braunerhjelm , Pontus & Henrekson, Magnus, 2012. "Entrepreneurship, Institutions and Economic Dynamism: Lessons from a Comparison of the United States and Sweden," Working Paper Series in Economics and Institutions of Innovation 290, Royal Institute of Technology, CESIS - Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies.
  3. Joshua S. Gans & Lars Persson, 2013. "Entrepreneurial commercialization choices and the interaction between IPR and competition policy," Industrial and Corporate Change, Oxford University Press, vol. 22(1), pages 131-151, February.
  4. Acs, Zoltán J & Audretsch, David B & Braunerhjelm, Pontus & Carlsson, Bo, 2005. "The Knowledge Spillover Theory of Entrepreneurship," CEPR Discussion Papers 5326, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  5. Joern Block & Roy Thurik & Haibo Zhou, 2013. "What turns knowledge into innovative products? The role of entrepreneurship and knowledge spillovers," Journal of Evolutionary Economics, Springer, vol. 23(4), pages 693-718, September.
  6. Braunerhjelm, Pontus, 2010. "Entrepreneurship, Innovation and Economic Growth – Past experiences, current knowledge and policy implications," Working Papers 2010:2, Swedish Entrepreneurship Forum.
  7. Bacache-Beauvallet, Maya & Bourreau, Marc & Moreau, François, 2011. "Portrait des musiciens à l'heure du numérique," Opuscules du CEPREMAP, CEPREMAP, number 22, May.

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