Life Cycle Development of Obesity and Its Determinants
AbstractThis paper is concerned with how obesity and some of its determinants develop over individuals’ life cycles. In particular we examine empirically the role and relative importance of early life conditions (parents’ education and socioeconomic status) and individuals’ own education as adults and how their impacts on the probability of overweight and obesity evolves over the life cycle. As the data set includes information about the individuals’ health behaviours (smoking and physical exercise) at various ages we can also examine the impact of these at different stages of the persons’ life cycle. The data used in the empirical analysis is from a common detailed questionnaire study carried out in six different European countries (Denmark, Finland, France, Greece, the Netherlands and the U.K.) and which was answered by about 6,000 individuals aged 50 to 65 at the time of the survey. Obesity indicators are constructed from information collected in the survey regarding individuals’ height and weight at different ages (25, 25, 45 and current age). We perform two types of econometric analyses on data for all countries: a “repeated cross-sections” analysis where each cross-section refers to the individual’s situation at a certain age and a random effects dynamic probit analysis of the individuals’ obesity histories. Key findings are: (i) controlling for parental and childhood factors, health behaviour and socioeconomic status affect country differences in overweight and obesity only marginally, (ii) parents’ socioeconomic status predicts obesity in early adulthood whereas individuals’ own socioeconomic status as adults is more important in explaining obesity at later stages of the life cycle, and (iii) changes in obesity status are associated with changes in health behaviours
Download InfoIf you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by University of Aarhus, Aarhus School of Business, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 11-7.
Length: 30 pages
Date of creation: 01 Jan 2011
Date of revision:
Contact details of provider:
Postal: The Aarhus School of Business, Prismet, Silkeborgvej 2, DK 8000 Aarhus C, Denmark
Phone: +45 89 486396
Fax: +45 8615 5175
Web page: http://www.asb.dk/departments/nat.aspx
More information through EDIRC
Obesity; socioeconomic status; life cycle; cross-country differences;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- I12 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health Production
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Robert Kaestner & Michael Grossman & Benjamin Yarnoff, 2011.
"Effects of Weight on Adolescent Educational Attainment,"
in: Economic Aspects of Obesity, pages 283-313
National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Robert Kaestner & Michael Grossman & Benjamin Yarnoff, 2009. "Effects of Weight on Adolescent Educational Attainment," NBER Working Papers 14994, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- James Smith, 2009.
"Reconstructing childhood health histories,"
Springer, vol. 46(2), pages 387-403, May.
- Anne Case & Darren Lubotsky & Christina Paxson, 2002.
"Economic Status and Health in Childhood: The Origins of the Gradient,"
American Economic Review,
American Economic Association, vol. 92(5), pages 1308-1334, December.
- Anne Case & Darren Lubotsky & Christina Paxson, 2001. "Economic Status and Health in Childhood: The Origins of the Gradient," NBER Working Papers 8344, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Anne Case & Darren Lubotsky & Christina Paxson, 2002. "Economic status and health in childhood: the origins of the gradient," Working Papers 262, Princeton University, Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, Center for Health and Wellbeing..
- Michaud Pierre-Carl & van Soest Arthur H.O. & Andreyeva Tatiana, 2007.
"Cross-Country Variation in Obesity Patterns among Older Americans and Europeans,"
Forum for Health Economics & Policy,
De Gruyter, vol. 10(2), pages 1-32, December.
- Pierre-Carl Michaud & Arthur van Soest & Tatiana Andreyeva, 2007. "Cross-Country Variation in Obesity Patterns among Older Americans and Europeans," Social and Economic Dimensions of an Aging Population Research Papers 185, McMaster University.
- Pierre-Carl Michaud & Arthur van Soest & Tatiana Andreyeva, 2007. "Cross-Country Variation in Obesity Patterns among Older Americans and Europeans," Working Papers 495, RAND Corporation Publications Department.
- Darius Lakdawalla & Tomas Philipson, 2002.
"The Growth of Obesity and Technological Change: A Theoretical and Empirical Examination,"
0203, Harris School of Public Policy Studies, University of Chicago.
- Darius Lakdawalla & Tomas Philipson, 2002. "The Growth of Obesity and Technological Change: A Theoretical and Empirical Examination," NBER Working Papers 8946, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- David M. Cutler & Adriana Lleras-Muney & Tom Vogl, 2008. "Socioeconomic Status and Health: Dimensions and Mechanisms," NBER Working Papers 14333, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Currie, Alison & Shields, Michael A. & Price, Stephen Wheatley, 2007. "The child health/family income gradient: Evidence from England," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 26(2), pages 213-232, March.
- Charles L. Baum II & Christopher J. Ruhm, 2007.
"Age, Socioeconomic Status and Obesity Growth,"
NBER Working Papers
13289, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Melayne M. McInnes & Judith A. Shinogle, 2009.
"Physical Activity: Economic and Policy Factors,"
NBER Working Papers
15039, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- John Cawley, 2004. "The Impact of Obesity on Wages," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 39(2).
- David Bloom & David Canning, 2003.
"Health as Human Capital and its Impact on Economic Performance,"
The Geneva Papers on Risk and Insurance - Issues and Practice,
Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 28(2), pages 304-315, April.
- David Bloom & David Canning, 2003. "Health as Human Capital and its Impact on Economic Performance," The Geneva Papers on Risk and Insurance, The International Association for the Study of Insurance Economics, vol. 28, pages 304-315, 04.
- Borghans, Lex & Golsteyn, Bart H.H., 2005.
"Time Discounting and the Body Mass Index,"
IZA Discussion Papers
1597, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
- Pascal GOURDEL & Liem HOANG NGOC & Cuong LE VAN & Tédie MAZAMBA, 2004. "Health care and Economic Growth," Annales d'Economie et de Statistique, ENSAE, issue 75-76, pages 257-272.
- Giorgio Brunello & Pierre-Carl Michaud & Anna Sanz-de-Galdeano, 2009. "The rise of obesity in Europe: an economic perspective," Economic Policy, CEPR & CES & MSH, vol. 24, pages 551-596, 07.
- Bloom, David E. & Canning, David & Sevilla, Jaypee, 2004. "The Effect of Health on Economic Growth: A Production Function Approach," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 32(1), pages 1-13, January.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Helle Vinbaek Stenholt).
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.