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Sports Heroes and Mass Sports Participation – The (Double) Paradox of the "German Tennis Boom"

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Author Info

  • Arne Feddersen

    ()
    (Chair for Economic Policy, University of Hamburg)

  • Sven Jacobsen
  • Wolfgang Maennig

    ()
    (Chair for Economic Policy, University of Hamburg)

Abstract

The major sporting success of one’s countrymen and women is often supposed to promote the growth of general participation in that sport. This study is the first to analyse the impact of sports heroes on the membership figures of the corresponding sports association by means of an econometric analysis. We do so by evaluating the so-called "Boris Becker effect" by simultaneously testing for the effects of the rise and retirement of the three stars Boris Becker, Stefanie Graf, and Michael Stich. As a first paradox, our results indicate a negative tennis growth effect associated with the time period of the ascendency of the sport stars. With the first paradox, their retirement should then have a positive effect. In this sense, our second result of a statistically negative tennis growth since the declining success of the German tennis stars must be regarded as a second paradox.

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File URL: http://www.hced.uni-hamburg.de/WorkingPapers/HCED-029.pdf
File Function: First version, 2009
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Chair for Economic Policy, University of Hamburg in its series Working Papers with number 029.

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Length: 17 pages
Date of creation: 2009
Date of revision:
Publication status: Published in Hamburg Contemporary Economic Discussions, Issue 29, 2009
Handle: RePEc:hce:wpaper:029

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Keywords: Keywords: Tennis; Sport Association Memberships; Boris Becker Effect; Mass Sport Participation;

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  1. Arne Feddersen & Wolfgang Maennig, 2005. "Trends in Competitive Balance: Is there Evidence for Growing Imbalance in Professional Sport Leagues?," Working Papers, Chair for Economic Policy, University of Hamburg 0012005, Chair for Economic Policy, University of Hamburg.
  2. Wolfgang Maennig & Florian Schwarthoff, 2008. "Stadium Architecture and Regional Economic Development: International Experience and the Plans of Durban," Working Papers, International Association of Sports Economists;North American Association of Sports Economists 0816, International Association of Sports Economists;North American Association of Sports Economists.
  3. Arne Feddersen, 2006. "Economic Consequences of the UEFA Champions League for National Championships - The Case of Germany," Working Papers, Chair for Economic Policy, University of Hamburg 0012006, Chair for Economic Policy, University of Hamburg.
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Blog mentions

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  1. The Boris Becker effect
    by Economic Logician in Economic Logic on 2010-02-19 14:37:00
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Cited by:
  1. Fischer, Justina AV & Sousa-Poza, Alfonso, 2010. "The impact of institutions on firms’ rejuvenation policies: Early retirement with severance pay versus simple lay-off. A Cross-European Analysis," MPRA Paper 20343, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  2. Falch, Torberg & Fischer, Justina A.V., 2012. "Public sector decentralization and school performance: International evidence," Economics Letters, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 114(3), pages 276-279.

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