Sports Heroes and Mass Sports Participation – The (Double) Paradox of the "German Tennis Boom"
AbstractThe major sporting success of one’s countrymen and women is often supposed to promote the growth of general participation in that sport. This study is the first to analyse the impact of sports heroes on the membership figures of the corresponding sports association by means of an econometric analysis. We do so by evaluating the so-called "Boris Becker effect" by simultaneously testing for the effects of the rise and retirement of the three stars Boris Becker, Stefanie Graf, and Michael Stich. As a first paradox, our results indicate a negative tennis growth effect associated with the time period of the ascendency of the sport stars. With the first paradox, their retirement should then have a positive effect. In this sense, our second result of a statistically negative tennis growth since the declining success of the German tennis stars must be regarded as a second paradox.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Chair for Economic Policy, University of Hamburg in its series Working Papers with number 029.
Length: 17 pages
Date of creation: 2009
Date of revision:
Publication status: Published in Hamburg Contemporary Economic Discussions, Issue 29, 2009
Keywords: Tennis; Sport Association Memberships; Boris Becker Effect; Mass Sport Participation;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- L83 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Services - - - Sports; Gambling; Restaurants; Recreation; Tourism
- C23 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2010-01-30 (All new papers)
- NEP-CUL-2010-01-30 (Cultural Economics)
- NEP-SPO-2010-01-30 (Sports & Economics)
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
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