Mega Sporting Events, Real Estate, and Urban Social Economics – The Case of Brazil 2014/2016
AbstractThese events promise to improve the urban quality of life and to induce social legacy because of investments in urban infrastructure, transportation, and sporting facilities. Our analysis of the case of Brazil, especially in Rio de Janeiro (host of the 2014 World Cup and 2016 Olympic Games) shows that such benefits may differ locally and may accentuate the process of socio-spatial segregation. Urban projects often include forced evictions of low-income populations and the consequent expansion of social segregation. In public opinion, mega events are also responsible for increasing rents and (real estate) prices. However, such inflationary phenomenon occurs in most Brazilian cities, including non-host cities. The appreciation of real estate is explained largely by population and economic growth and the reduction of interest rates through mortgage programs, as well as reduced social inequality. Public investments in mega events account for only approximately 0.15% of Brazilian GDP from 2007 to 2016 and are thus too small to be responsible for the (increasing) social problems. Obviously, the perceived lack of public accountability for mega event finances as well as the perceived lack of susceptibility to social issues by the mega sporting projects may harm the public opinion of mega events. International sporting federations should thus have every interest in ensuring that their mega events target social inclusion and pay more attention to the needs of local urban and social policies.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Chair for Economic Policy, University of Hamburg in its series Working Papers with number 047.
Length: 30 pages
Date of creation: 20 Aug 2013
Date of revision:
Publication status: Published in Hamburg Contemporary Economic Discussions, Issue 47, 2013
Housing Prices; Real Estate; FIFA World Cup; Olympics; Mega Sporting Events; Rio de Janeiro 2016; Urban Planning; Accountability;
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2013-08-31 (All new papers)
- NEP-GEO-2013-08-31 (Economic Geography)
- NEP-LAM-2013-08-31 (Central & South America)
- NEP-PPM-2013-08-31 (Project, Program & Portfolio Management)
- NEP-SPO-2013-08-31 (Sports & Economics)
- NEP-TRE-2013-08-31 (Transport Economics)
- NEP-URE-2013-08-31 (Urban & Real Estate Economics)
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Arne Feddersen, 2006. "Economic Consequences of the UEFA Champions League for National Championships - The Case of Germany," Working Papers 0012006, Chair for Economic Policy, University of Hamburg.
- Arne Feddersen & Wolfgang Maennig, 2005. "Trends in Competitive Balance: Is there Evidence for Growing Imbalance in Professional Sport Leagues?," Working Papers 0012005, Chair for Economic Policy, University of Hamburg.
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